Eragrostis sclerantha Nees
subsp. villosipes (Jedwabn.) Launert

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Synonyms: Eragrostis sclerantha var. villosipes De Winter apud. Chippindall
Eragrostis villosipes Jedwabn.
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Densely caespitose perennial without rhizomes or stolons; culms 60 to 100 cm tall, erect, slightly swollen at the base, unbranched, glabrous at the nodes, eglandular; basal leaf sheaths woolly-tomentose below with off-white or yellowish hairs, chartaceous with somewhat indurated nerves, laterally compressed, eglandular, usually decaying into coarse yellow fibres; ligule a line of hairs; leaf laminas 15–25 cm × 2–6 mm, linear, flat or involute, glabrous or faintly scaberulous, eglandular. Panicle 15–35 cm long, oblong, open, the the spikelets appressed to the ascending branches, the primary branches not in whorls, terminating in a fertile spikelet, glabrous in the axils (but the axis and branches pubescent to puberulous), eglandular.Spikelets 2–9 × 1.5–2 mm, elliptic to oblong, laterally compressed, 6–20-flowered, the lemmas disarticulating from below upwards, the rhachilla persistent; glumes subequal, 0.8–1.5 mm long, reaching to about the middle of the adjacent lemmas, keeled, lanceolate in profile, asperulous on the keel, otherwise glabrous, subacute at the apex; lemmas 1.6–2 mm long, keeled, ovate in profile, cartilaginous with indistinct lateral nerves, diverging from the rhachilla at 45°, those in opposite rows imbricate and concealing the rhachilla, olive-green, glabrous, subacute at the apex; palea persistent, glabrous on the flanks, the keels slender, wingless, scaberulous; anthers 3, 0.7–1 mm long.Caryopsis c. 0.6 mm long, elliptic.
Type location:
Angola
Notes: Culms 60–100 cm tall; panicle oblong, 15–35 cm long, the spikelets appressed to the ascending branches.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Miombo, Kalahari Sand woodlands and dry evergreen forests, and sandveld, in sandy soils, on rocky hill slopes and in wooded grasslands and dambos; also in disturbed ground at roadsides
Altitude range: 50 - 1700 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,W,C,E,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Cb,N,E,C,Lk,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 24.

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 15. Also as Eragrostis villosipes

Cope, T.A. (1999). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(2) Pages 128 - 129.

Jackson, G. & Wiehe, P.O. (1958). An Annotated Check List of Nyasaland Grasses The Government Printer, Zomba, Nyasaland Pages 40 - 41. As Eragrostis villosipes

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 104.

Poilecot, P. (2007). Eragrostis species of Zimbabwe Éditions Quae,Versailles, France Pages 164 - 166. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Eragrostis sclerantha subsp. villosipes:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Eragrostis sclerantha subsp. villosipes
Flora of Mozambique: Eragrostis sclerantha subsp. villosipes
Flora of Zimbabwe: Eragrostis sclerantha subsp. villosipes

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Eragrostis sclerantha
African Plant Database: Eragrostis sclerantha
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Eragrostis sclerantha
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Eragrostis sclerantha
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Eragrostis sclerantha
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Eragrostis sclerantha
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Eragrostis sclerantha
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Eragrostis sclerantha
iNaturalist: Eragrostis sclerantha
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Eragrostis sclerantha
JSTOR Plant Science: Eragrostis sclerantha
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Eragrostis sclerantha
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Eragrostis sclerantha
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Eragrostis sclerantha
Plants of the World Online: Eragrostis sclerantha
Tropicos: Eragrostis sclerantha
Wikipedia: Eragrostis sclerantha


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-21

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2021). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Eragrostis sclerantha subsp. villosipes.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=105200, retrieved 20 October 2021

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