Pogonarthria squarrosa (Roem. & Schult.) Pilg.

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Pogonarthria squarrosa

Picture: Bart Wursten
Rocky slopes on left of entry road to Cleveland Dam, Harare.

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Synonyms: Eragrostis marlothii Hack.
Leptochloa falcata Hack.
Pogonarthria falcata (Hack.) Rendle
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Erect perennial tufted grass, up to 1 m. Inflorescence of many short racemes at almost right angles with the culm. Spikelets reddish-brown with sharp-tipped glumes.
Type location:
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: squarrosa: rough with stiff, spreading scales, bracts or other processes.
Habitat: In disturbed places, roadsides and old cultivation. Also in sandy soils and on granite.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Nov - May
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical Africa and Southern Africa.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): B,N,W,C,E,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): E,Lk
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Chapano, C., Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 29.

Cope, T.A. (1999). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(2) Pages 150 - 152.

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 443. (Includes a picture).

Jackson, G. & Wiehe, P.O. (1958). An Annotated Check List of Nyasaland Grasses The Government Printer, Zomba, Nyasaland Page 55.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 108.

Roodt, V. (2015). Grasses & Grazers of Botswana and the surrounding savanna Struik Nature, South Africa Pages 170 - 171. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 143.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 191.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 86.

Other sources of information about Pogonarthria squarrosa:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Pogonarthria squarrosa
Flora of Caprivi: Pogonarthria squarrosa
Flora of Malawi: Pogonarthria squarrosa
Flora of Mozambique: Pogonarthria squarrosa
Flora of Zimbabwe: Pogonarthria squarrosa

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Pogonarthria squarrosa
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Pogonarthria squarrosa
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Pogonarthria squarrosa
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Pogonarthria squarrosa
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Pogonarthria squarrosa
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Pogonarthria squarrosa
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Pogonarthria squarrosa
iNaturalist: Pogonarthria squarrosa
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Pogonarthria squarrosa
JSTOR Plant Science: Pogonarthria squarrosa
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Pogonarthria squarrosa
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Pogonarthria squarrosa
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Pogonarthria squarrosa
Plants of the World Online: Pogonarthria squarrosa
The Plant List (version 1.1): Pogonarthria squarrosa
Tropicos: Pogonarthria squarrosa
Wikipedia: Pogonarthria squarrosa


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-19

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2019). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Pogonarthria squarrosa.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=105320, retrieved 23 October 2019

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