Harpachne schimperi Hochst. ex A. Rich.

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Harpachne schimperi

Picture: Bart Wursten
Mukuvisi Woodland, office area

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Common names:
Densely caespitose perennial; culms up to 60 cm tall, erect or ascending from a procumbent base, simple or branched at the lower nodes, wiry; leaf laminas 3–20 cm × 1–4 mm, flat or convolute, tapering to a fine point.Inflorescence 3–8(10) cm long, oblong, the spikelets densely crowded; pedicels 2–4 mm long, villous, usually unbranched but the lowermost occasionally carrying 2 spikelets.Spikelets 10–14(17) mm long, 6–13-flowered, cuneate, the florets loosely imbricate with the slender sinuous rhachilla often visible, pale green tinged with purple; glumes linear-oblong, subacute, the inferior 1.6–2 mm long, the superior 2.8–3.5 mm long; lowermost lemma (3)3.2–3.5 mm long, lanceolate in profile, acute, successive lemmas becoming progressively narrower and more sharply pointed, the longest 4–6.8 mm long, thinly membranous or sometimes cartilaginous in the lower third.
Type location:
Derivation of specific name: schimperi: named after Wilhelm Schimper, explorer and collector, particularly in Ethiopia.
Habitat: Growing on waste ground and disturbed areas, in dry grassland and open woodland, often forming extensive colonies
Altitude range: 1500 - 1700 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: NE and East Africa from Sudan southwards to Zimbabwe, Zambia, also in Arabia
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Lp,N
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Cope, T.A. (1999). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(2) Pages 153 - 154. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 105.

Other sources of information about Harpachne schimperi:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Harpachne schimperi
Flora of Zimbabwe: Harpachne schimperi

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Harpachne schimperi
African Plant Database: Harpachne schimperi
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Harpachne schimperi
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Harpachne schimperi
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Harpachne schimperi
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Harpachne schimperi
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Harpachne schimperi
JSTOR Plant Science: Harpachne schimperi
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Harpachne schimperi
Plants of the World Online: Harpachne schimperi
Tropicos: Harpachne schimperi
Wikipedia: Harpachne schimperi

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Harpachne schimperi.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=105330, retrieved 16 April 2024

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