Sporobolus centrifugus (Trin.) Nees

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Synonyms: Sporobolus filifolius Stent
Sporobolus laxivaginatus Stent
Sporobolus schlechteri Schweick.
Sporobolus tysonii Stent
Vilfa centrifuga Trin.
Common names:
Frequency:
Status:
Description:
Densely caespitose perennial with short oblique rhizome; culms up to 80 cm tall, erect, unbranched; basal leaf sheaths expanded, indurated, horny and either yellow or chestnut-brown or rarely broad and chartaceous, glabrous or pilose, terete, persistent; leaf laminas 6–30 cm × 1–2.5 mm (but those higher up on the culm sometimes broader and up to 5 mm wide), stiff, tightly involute or rarely flat, glabrous or pilose on the surface, smooth or scabrid on the margins or rarely pectinate with tubercle-based setae, acute at the apex.Panicle (4)8–13(18) cm long, narrowly ovate to pyramidal, sometimes ± contracted; branches in a succession of whorls, these progressively shorter upwards, glabrous, with inconspicuous long linear glands, the spikelets in dense clusters at the tips of the primary branches.Spikelets (2.2)2.7–4.7(5.2) mm long, very dark green; inferior glume 3/4 as long to almost as long as the spikelet, narrowly lanceolate, 0–1-nerved, glabrous, acuminate at the apex; superior glume as long as the spikelet, lanceolate to narrowly ovate, 1-nerved, glabrous, acuminate at the apex; lemma almost as long as the spikelet, lanceolate to narrowly ovate; anthers 3, (1)1.9–2.2 mm long.Grain 1.7–2.2 mm long, elliptic.
Type location:
Notes:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Montane short grassland, sometimes with scattered trees, and in watershed grassland, on sandy soils or shallow peaty soils in rocky areas and along roadsides, often following fire
Altitude range: 1210 - 2300 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, South Africa, Sudan, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): W,E
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Nw,Mc
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 362.

Cope, T.A. (1999). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(2) Pages 178 - 179.

Jackson, G. & Wiehe, P.O. (1958). An Annotated Check List of Nyasaland Grasses The Government Printer, Zomba, Nyasaland Page 61.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 110.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 86.

Other sources of information about Sporobolus centrifugus:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Sporobolus centrifugus
Flora of Mozambique: Sporobolus centrifugus
Flora of Zimbabwe: Sporobolus centrifugus

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Sporobolus centrifugus
African Plant Database: Sporobolus centrifugus
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Sporobolus centrifugus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Sporobolus centrifugus
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Sporobolus centrifugus
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Sporobolus centrifugus
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Sporobolus centrifugus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Sporobolus centrifugus
iNaturalist: Sporobolus centrifugus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Sporobolus centrifugus
JSTOR Plant Science: Sporobolus centrifugus
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Sporobolus centrifugus
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Sporobolus centrifugus
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Sporobolus centrifugus
Plants of the World Online: Sporobolus centrifugus
Tropicos: Sporobolus centrifugus
Wikipedia: Sporobolus centrifugus


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-21

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2021). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Sporobolus centrifugus.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=105420, retrieved 21 October 2021

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