Sporobolus myrianthus Benth.

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Synonyms: Sporobolus angustifolius De Wild.
Sporobolus kimuenzaensis Vanderyst
Sporobolus wildemannii Chiov.
Vilfa myriantha (Benth.) Steud.
Common names:
Frequency:
Status:
Description:
Caespitose perennial without rhizomes or stolons; culms up to 100(120) cm tall, erect, unbranched; basal leaf sheaths firmly chartaceous to subcoriaceous, glabrous, terete, subpersistent, the older ones eventually disintegrating into a loose cushion of glabrous fibres; leaf laminas 6–30 cm × 1–5 mm, usually involute, sometimes flat, smooth and glabrous to faintly scaberulous on the surface, scabrid to ciliate on the margins, filiform at the apex.Panicle 15–35 cm long, narrowly lanceolate to narrowly ovate, diffuse; primary branches not in whorls, smooth or scaberulous, eglandular, the spikelets evenly distributed.Spikelets 1.8–2.6(3) mm long, dark greyish-green to olive; inferior glume 1/5–1/3 the length of the spikelet, oblong, nerveless, glabrous, obtuse at the apex; superior glume 1/2–2/3 the length of the spikelet, ovate, 1-nerved, glabrous, obtuse and mucronate, abruptly acuminate, or with the nerve excurrent into an awnlet, rarely merely acute; lemma as long as the spikelet, narrowly ovate, subacute; anthers 3, (0.9)1.1–1.3(1.5) mm long.Grain 0.8–1.3 mm long, obovate, truncate at the top, ± tetragonal in section.
Type location:
Notes:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Often in miombo woodland, but also in mixed deciduous woodlands and open grassland, on sandy soils, rocky slopes and termitaria, and in dambo margins and shallow soil over laterite
Altitude range: 80 - 1720 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: tropical Africa from Nigeria and Kenya, and southwards to Angola, Botswana, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,W,C,E,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Nw
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 362.

Cope, T.A. (1999). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(2) Pages 191 - 192.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 110.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 145.

Other sources of information about Sporobolus myrianthus:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Sporobolus myrianthus
Flora of Malawi: Sporobolus myrianthus
Flora of Mozambique: Sporobolus myrianthus
Flora of Zimbabwe: Sporobolus myrianthus

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Sporobolus myrianthus
African Plant Database: Sporobolus myrianthus
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Sporobolus myrianthus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Sporobolus myrianthus
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Sporobolus myrianthus
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Sporobolus myrianthus
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Sporobolus myrianthus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Sporobolus myrianthus
iNaturalist: Sporobolus myrianthus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Sporobolus myrianthus
JSTOR Plant Science: Sporobolus myrianthus
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Sporobolus myrianthus
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Sporobolus myrianthus
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Sporobolus myrianthus
Plants of the World Online: Sporobolus myrianthus
Tropicos: Sporobolus myrianthus
Wikipedia: Sporobolus myrianthus


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-21

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2021). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Sporobolus myrianthus.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=105530, retrieved 24 October 2021

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