Sporobolus welwitschii Rendle

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Synonyms: Sporobolus andongensis Rendle
Sporobolus baumianus Pilg.
Sporobolus bianoensis De Wild.
Sporobolus conrathii Chiov.
Sporobolus macrothrix Pilg.
Sporobolus micranthus Conrath & Hack.
Common names:
Caespitose perennial arising from a short oblique rhizome; culms up to 60 cm tall, erect, unbranched; basal leaf sheaths firmly chartaceous to subcoriaceous, glabrous and glossy, terete, persistent; leaf laminas 2–10 cm × 0.75–1.5 mm, weakly involute-filiform, pubescent to pilose above, glabrous to pilose beneath, cartilaginous and scabrid on the margins, acute at the apex.Panicle 3–20 cm long, narrowly ovate, very diffuse; primary branches not in whorls, sub-dichotomously branched, the branchlets and pedicels capillary, smooth or scaberulous, eglandular, widely diverging, with a distinct pulvinus in the axils, this glabrous to thinly bearded with long white hairs, the spikelets evenly distributed.Spikelets(0.9)1.4–1.8 mm long, dark greyish-green; inferior glume 1/3–1/2 the length of the spikelet, broadly elliptic, nerveless, glabrous, obtuse at the apex; superior glume 1/2–3/4(4/5) the length of the spikelet, ovate, nerveless, glabrous, obtuse to subacute at the apex; lemma as long as the spikelet, 1-nerved, narrowly ovate, subacute at the apex; palea 1-nerved; rhachilla not produced; anthers 3, 0.7–1 mm long.Grain 0.6–0.8 mm long, narrowly elliptic to elliptic.
Type location:
Derivation of specific name: welwitschii: named after the Austrian botanist, Friedrich Martin Welwitsch (1806-1872)
Habitat: In montane grassland, and watershed grassland on Kalahari Sand, and in floodplain, dambo and river terrace grasslands, and in short grassland on rocky hillsides
Altitude range: 395 - 1700 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Angola, DRC, Namibia, Mozambique, South Africa, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): B,N,W,C
Zambian distribution (Provinces): N,C,Lk,W
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 52.

Cope, T.A. (1999). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(2) Pages 195 - 196.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 110.

Other sources of information about Sporobolus welwitschii:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: Sporobolus welwitschii
Flora of Mozambique: Sporobolus welwitschii
Flora of Zimbabwe: Sporobolus welwitschii

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Sporobolus welwitschii
African Plant Database: Sporobolus welwitschii
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Sporobolus welwitschii
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Sporobolus welwitschii
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Sporobolus welwitschii
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Sporobolus welwitschii
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Sporobolus welwitschii
JSTOR Plant Science: Sporobolus welwitschii
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Sporobolus welwitschii
Plants of the World Online: Sporobolus welwitschii
Tropicos: Sporobolus welwitschii
Wikipedia: Sporobolus welwitschii

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-23

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2023). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Sporobolus welwitschii.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=105650, retrieved 23 September 2023

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