Chloris pycnothrix Trin.

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Chloris pycnothrix

Picture: Petra Ballings
By main Harare to Bulawayo Rd, south of Kwekwe

Chloris pycnothrix

Picture: Petra Ballings
By main Harare to Bulawayo Rd, south of Kwekwe

Chloris pycnothrix

Picture: Petra Ballings
By main Harare to Bulawayo Rd, south of Kwekwe

Chloris pycnothrix

Picture: Petra Ballings
By main Harare to Bulawayo Rd, south of Kwekwe

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Chloris intermedia A. Rich.
Chloris leptostachya Hochst. ex A. Rich.
Common names:
Status: Native
Annual grass up to 45 cm tall, erect or ascending, often rooting from the nodes. Leaves 3–11 cm long, with a blunt apex. Inflorescence of 3–12 (sub)digitate racemes 1.5–7 cm long. Spikelets 2-flowered, 1–2-awned; inferior glume 1.3–1.4 mm long; superior glume 2–2.4 mm long. Fertile lemma narrowly elliptic in profile, 2.4–2.8 mm long, pallid, scabrid. Awn 11–27 mm long.
Type location:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In floodplain to montane grassland, in miombo and riverine woodland, often as a weed in disturbed ground.
Altitude range: Up to 1400 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical Africa, Arabia and tropical America.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): B,N,W,C,E,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Nw,N
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Friday 2 August 2019

Chapano, C. (2002). A checklist of Zimbabwean grasses Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 16. Pretoria. Page 8.

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 13.

Cope, T.A. (1999). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(2) Page 210.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 131.

Fish, L., Mashau, A.C., Moeaha, M.J. & Nembudani, M.T. (2015). Identification Guide to Southern African Grasses Strelitzia 36 South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria Page 167.

Jackson, G. & Wiehe, P.O. (1958). An Annotated Check List of Nyasaland Grasses The Government Printer, Zomba, Nyasaland Page 33.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 101.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 127.

Roodt, V. (2015). Grasses & Grazers of Botswana and the surrounding savanna Struik Nature, South Africa Pages 64 - 65. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 133.

Van Oudtshoorn, F.P. (1992). Grasses of South Africa Briza Publications, South Africa Page 232.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 85.

Other sources of information about Chloris pycnothrix:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Chloris pycnothrix
Flora of Caprivi: Chloris pycnothrix
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Chloris pycnothrix
Flora of Malawi: Chloris pycnothrix
Flora of Mozambique: Chloris pycnothrix
Flora of Zimbabwe: Chloris pycnothrix

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Chloris pycnothrix
African Plant Database: Chloris pycnothrix
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Chloris pycnothrix
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Chloris pycnothrix
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Chloris pycnothrix
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Chloris pycnothrix
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Chloris pycnothrix
JSTOR Plant Science: Chloris pycnothrix
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Chloris pycnothrix
Plants of the World Online: Chloris pycnothrix
Tropicos: Chloris pycnothrix
Wikipedia: Chloris pycnothrix

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Chloris pycnothrix., retrieved 21 April 2024

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