Pseudechinolaena polystachya (Kunth) Stapf

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Synonyms: Echinochloa polystachya (Kunth) Roberty
Echinolaena polystachya Kunth
Loxostachys uncinata (Raddi) Peter
Panicum heterochlamys Peter
Panicum polystachyum (Kunth) K. Schum.
Panicum uncinatum Raddi
Common names:
Status: Native
Trailing annual with lanceolate leaf laminae, and often with aerial roots at the nodes. Culms 10–30 cm. high. Spikelets 3.5–5.7 mm. long, obliquely ovoid. Glumes acute to acuminate, wingless, the inferior almost as long as spikelet. Superior lemma subcoriaceous.
Type location:
Derivation of specific name: polystachya: with many spikes
Habitat: In forest shade
Altitude range: 200 - 1500 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Throughout the tropics
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N
Zambian distribution (Provinces): N
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 45.

Clayton, W.D. (1989). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(3) Pages 3 - 6. (Includes a picture).

Jackson, G. & Wiehe, P.O. (1958). An Annotated Check List of Nyasaland Grasses The Government Printer, Zomba, Nyasaland Page 55.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 108.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 152.

Other sources of information about Pseudechinolaena polystachya:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Pseudechinolaena polystachya
Flora of Mozambique: Pseudechinolaena polystachya
Flora of Zimbabwe: Pseudechinolaena polystachya

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Pseudechinolaena polystachya
African Plant Database: Pseudechinolaena polystachya
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Pseudechinolaena polystachya
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Pseudechinolaena polystachya
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Pseudechinolaena polystachya
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Pseudechinolaena polystachya
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Pseudechinolaena polystachya
JSTOR Plant Science: Pseudechinolaena polystachya
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Pseudechinolaena polystachya
Plants of the World Online: Pseudechinolaena polystachya
Tropicos: Pseudechinolaena polystachya
Wikipedia: Pseudechinolaena polystachya

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-23

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2023). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Pseudechinolaena polystachya., retrieved 10 December 2023

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