Brachiaria dura Stapf

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Synonyms: Brachiaria dura var. pilosa J.G. Anderson
Common names:
Densely tufted perennial. Culms 40–100 cm. high. Leaf laminae 1–2 mm. wide (when flattened), convolute, wiry. Inflorescence of 1–2 racemes, these 4–15 cm. long, bearing spikelets singly in 1 row; rhachis crescentic in section, c. 1 mm. wide, with irregularly ciliate margins. Spikelets 3.5–5 mm. long, glabrous or pubescent, obtuse, with a slight stipe at base. Inferior glume 1/2–2/3 length of spikelet, not separated from the superior. Superior glume and inferior lemma membranous. Superior lemma granulose, subacute
Type location:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Savanna woodland and grassland on sandy soils
Altitude range: 1000 m (approx)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Angola, S. Africa, Botswana, Namibia, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca):
Zambian distribution (Provinces): C,S,W
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Clayton, W.D. (1989). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(3) Page 70.

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 431. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 101.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 187.

Other sources of information about Brachiaria dura:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Brachiaria dura
Flora of Caprivi: Brachiaria dura
Flora of Zimbabwe: Brachiaria dura

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Brachiaria dura
African Plant Database: Brachiaria dura
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Brachiaria dura
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Brachiaria dura
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Brachiaria dura
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Brachiaria dura
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Brachiaria dura
JSTOR Plant Science: Brachiaria dura
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Brachiaria dura
Plants of the World Online: Brachiaria dura
Tropicos: Brachiaria dura
Wikipedia: Brachiaria dura

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Brachiaria dura., retrieved 24 April 2024

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