Brachiaria eruciformis (J.E. Sm.) Griseb.

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Synonyms: Panicum eruciforme J.E.Smith
Panicum wightii Nees
Common names:
Status: Native
Loosely tufted annual. Culms 10–60 cm. high, geniculately ascending. Inflorescence of 3–14 racemes, these 0.5–2.5 cm. long, bearing single spikelets on a triquetrous rhachis, sometimes with a secondary racemlet at the base. Spikelets 1.7–3 mm. long, pubescent (very rarely glabrous), subacute. Inferior glume a tiny scale up to 1/5 length of spikelet. Superior floret readily deciduous, its lemma smooth, shiny and obtuse.
Type location:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Disturbed or overgrazed places in damp grassland, particularly on black clays
Altitude range: 300 - 1500 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: from S. Africa to the Mediterranean, eastward to India
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): C,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): N,Lk
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 6.

Clayton, W.D. (1989). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(3) Pages 73 - 74.

Jackson, G. & Wiehe, P.O. (1958). An Annotated Check List of Nyasaland Grasses The Government Printer, Zomba, Nyasaland Page 31.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 101.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 132.

Other sources of information about Brachiaria eruciformis:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Brachiaria eruciformis
Flora of Caprivi: Brachiaria eruciformis
Flora of Malawi: Brachiaria eruciformis
Flora of Zimbabwe: Brachiaria eruciformis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Brachiaria eruciformis
African Plant Database: Brachiaria eruciformis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Brachiaria eruciformis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Brachiaria eruciformis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Brachiaria eruciformis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Brachiaria eruciformis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Brachiaria eruciformis
JSTOR Plant Science: Brachiaria eruciformis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Brachiaria eruciformis
Plants of the World Online: Brachiaria eruciformis
Tropicos: Brachiaria eruciformis
Wikipedia: Brachiaria eruciformis

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Brachiaria eruciformis., retrieved 1 March 2024

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