Urochloa oligotricha (Fig. & De Not.) Henrard

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Synonyms: Brachiaria bulawayensis (Hackel) Henr.
Eriochloa bolbodes (Steud.) Schweinf.
Helopus bolbodes Steud.
Panicum bolbodes (Steud.) Schweinf.
Panicum bulawayense Hackel
Panicum oligotrichum Fig. & De Not.
Urochloa bolbodes (Steud.) Stapf
Common names:
Status: Native
Tufted perennial, the base silky tomentose. Culms 20–120 cm. high, ascending. Leaf laminae broadly linear. Inflorescence of 2–20 racemes, these bearing mostly paired spikelets on a subtriquetrous rhachis, the latter with or without sparse bristles. Spikelets 3.5–6 mm. long, lanceolate to narrowly ovate, glabrous, pubescent or setosely fringed, acuminate. Inferior glume 2/3–3/4 length of spikelet, lanceolate, 5–nerved, membranous to herbaceous, without a central tuft of bristles, narrowly obtuse to acute. Superior lemma granulose to rugulose, with a mucro 0.3–1 mm. long.
Type location:
Derivation of specific name: oligotricha: with few hairs
Habitat: Savanna woodland, roadsides and old farmland
Altitude range: 500 - 1500 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Ethiopia to South Africa, Botswana, Namibia, Malawi, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): C,E,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Lk,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 36.

Clayton, W.D. (1989). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(3) Pages 82 - 84.

Isaiah, A.M. & Komi, T. (2015). Grasses in the Botswana National Botanic Garden South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria Page 35. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 111.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 147.

Other sources of information about Urochloa oligotricha:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Urochloa oligotricha
Flora of Caprivi: Urochloa oligotricha
Flora of Malawi: Urochloa oligotricha
Flora of Zimbabwe: Urochloa oligotricha

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Urochloa oligotricha
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Urochloa oligotricha
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Urochloa oligotricha
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Urochloa oligotricha
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Urochloa oligotricha
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Urochloa oligotricha
JSTOR Plant Science: Urochloa oligotricha
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Urochloa oligotricha
Plants of the World Online: Urochloa oligotricha
Tropicos: Urochloa oligotricha
Wikipedia: Urochloa oligotricha

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-23

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2023). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Urochloa oligotricha.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=107000, retrieved 5 October 2023

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