Setaria lindenbergiana (Nees) Stapf

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Setaria lindenbergiana

Perennial grass dominating the steep sides of termite mounds;
Kalumines mine project, DRC; Mar 2012.
Photo: Mike Bingham

Setaria lindenbergiana

Unburnt Mound, Sandpit;
Fungurum, Dipeta River area, DRC; Aug 2011.
Photo: Mike Bingham

Setaria lindenbergiana

Showing petiole; Tufted perennial grass on shaded, steep sides of termite mounds;
Lumwana wetland, Chimwungo; Mar 2013.
Photo: Mike Bingham

Setaria lindenbergiana

Perennial grass dominating the steep sides of termite mounds;
Kalumines mine project, DRC; Mar 2012.
Photo: Mike Bingham

Setaria lindenbergiana

Tufted perennial grass on shaded, steep sides of termite mounds;
Lumwana wetland, Chimwungo; Mar 2013.
Photo: Mike Bingham

Setaria lindenbergiana

Picture: Mike Bingham
Solwezi District, Lumwana wetland, Chimwungo

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Setaria thermitaria Chiov.
Common names:
Frequency: Locally dominant
Status: Native
Description:
Densely tufted perennial grass. Culms 30–120 cm. high, the nodes glabrous or pubescent. Leaf lamina 1–10 mm. wide, harsh to the touch, plicate when young but soon flattening, the basal portion usually narrowed to a false petiole. The panicle with branches spreading in ours, usually contracted elsewhere.
Type location:
South Africa
Notes: In Katanga Province of D.R. Congo and northern Zambia the species (S. thermitaria Chiov.), may be restricted to the steep slopes of termite mounds. The dense tuft with its dangling leaves resembles a mop head. The species is fire adapted and the grassy mounds burn annually. Click here to read or download an article on termite mounds of the Zambian Copperbelt
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: The steep sides to termite mounds.
Altitude range: 1000 - 1700 m
Flowering time:Jan
Worldwide distribution: D.R. Congo (Katanga), Zimbabwe, Botswana, South Africa.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,W
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Nw,Cb,N
Growth form(s): Tree, perennial, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status: Lower Risk - least concern
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Thursday 10 July 2014
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 361.

Chapano, C., Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 33.

Clayton, W.D. (1989). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(3) Pages 107 - 108. (Includes a picture).

Fanshawe, D.B. (1968). The vegetation of Zambian termitaria. Kirkia 6(2) Pages 169 - 179.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 68.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 84.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 144.

Other sources of information about Setaria lindenbergiana:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Setaria lindenbergiana
Flora of Malawi: Setaria lindenbergiana
Flora of Zimbabwe: Setaria lindenbergiana

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Setaria lindenbergiana
African Plant Database: Setaria lindenbergiana
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Setaria lindenbergiana
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Setaria lindenbergiana
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Setaria lindenbergiana
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Setaria lindenbergiana
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Setaria lindenbergiana
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Setaria lindenbergiana
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Setaria lindenbergiana
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Setaria lindenbergiana
Ispot Southern Africa: Setaria lindenbergiana
JSTOR Plant Science: Setaria lindenbergiana
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Setaria lindenbergiana
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Setaria lindenbergiana
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Setaria lindenbergiana
The Plant List (version 1.1): Setaria lindenbergiana
Tropicos: Setaria lindenbergiana


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-18

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2018). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Setaria lindenbergiana.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=107200, retrieved 17 October 2018

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