Tricholaena monachne (Trin.) Stapf & C.E. Hubb.

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Synonyms: Eremochlamys arenaria Peter
Eremochlamys littoralis Peter
Melinis glabra (Stapf) Hackel
Melinis monachne (Trin.) Pilger
Melinis trichotoma Mez
Panicum gracillimum K. Schum.
Panicum madagascariense var. brevispiculum Rendle
Panicum madagascariense var. minus Hack.
Panicum monachne Trin.
Tricholaena arenaria var. semiglabra Hackel
Tricholaena delicatula Stapf & Hubbard
Tricholaena glabra Stapf
Tricholaena monachne var. annua J.G. Anderson
Xyochlaena monachne (Trin.) Stapf
Xyochlaena monachne var. minus Garab.
Common names:
Tufted annual to short-lived perennial. Culms (13)20–100(114) cm. high, geniculately ascending and often rooting at lower nodes. Panicle (4.7)6–14(18) cm. long, broadly ovate; pedicels glabrous. Spikelets (1.2)1.4–2.5(3) mm. long, oblong to narrowly ovate in side view, green to straw-coloured, often tinged with purple. Inferior glume a tiny nerveless scale 0.1–0.3(rarely 0.7) mm. long, inserted close to the superior; superior glume 5-nerved, broadly ovate, obtuse to emarginate, awnless, sometimes with a short mucro, glabrous or inconspicuously hairy on the margins. Inferior floret male, its lemma 5-nerved, resembling the superior glume but slightly wider; the palea ciliate on its keels.
Type location:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Sandy places on the seashore, river banks and lake margins; in Brachystegia and Julbernardia woodland, often on anthropogenic sites
Altitude range: Up to 1600 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Madagascar, Mascarene Is., South Africa, Tropical Africa
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): B,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): S,W
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 56.

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 35.

Clayton, W.D. (1989). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(3) Pages 113 - 115. (Includes a picture).

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 490. (Includes a picture).

Isaiah, A.M. & Komi, T. (2015). Grasses in the Botswana National Botanic Garden South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria Page 33. (Includes a picture).

Jackson, G. & Wiehe, P.O. (1958). An Annotated Check List of Nyasaland Grasses The Government Printer, Zomba, Nyasaland Page 63.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 111.

Roodt, V. (2015). Grasses & Grazers of Botswana and the surrounding savanna Struik Nature, South Africa Pages 216 - 217. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 147.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 192.

Other sources of information about Tricholaena monachne:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Tricholaena monachne
Flora of Caprivi: Tricholaena monachne
Flora of Malawi: Tricholaena monachne
Flora of Mozambique: Tricholaena monachne
Flora of Zimbabwe: Tricholaena monachne

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Tricholaena monachne
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Tricholaena monachne
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Tricholaena monachne
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Tricholaena monachne
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iNaturalist: Tricholaena monachne
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Tricholaena monachne
JSTOR Plant Science: Tricholaena monachne
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Tricholaena monachne
Plants of the World Online: Tricholaena monachne
Tropicos: Tricholaena monachne
Wikipedia: Tricholaena monachne

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Tricholaena monachne., retrieved 19 July 2024

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