Melinis effusa (Rendle) Stapf

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Synonyms: Melinis minutiflora var. effusa Rendle
Common names:
Status: Native
Tufted perennial. Culms (59)70–130(160) cm. high, ascending, rarely erect. Leaf laminae (1.5)3–11(14) cm. long, (2)3–8(11) mm. wide, flat, often densely tomentose. Panicle (6)8–20(27) cm. long, ovate to narrowly ovate. Pedicels with a few long hairs towards the apex, scabrous. Spikelets 1.4–1.8 mm. long, narrowly ovate to oblong. Inferior glume (0.1)0.2–0.4(0.5) mm. long, ovate, inserted close to the superior; superior glume 7-nerved, awnless or mucronate, membranous, obtusely bilobed, glabrous to sparsely haity. Inferior floret barren without a palea, its lemma 5-nerved, acutely bilobed, equalling the superior glume but narrower with an awn 2–10 mm. long, rarely awnless.
Type location:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Grassland, rarely Brachystegia woodland, often at anthropogenic sites and streamsides
Altitude range: 1000 - 2200 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Angola, Northwards to Ghana and Kenya, Malawi, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): B,N
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Nw,N
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Clayton, W.D. (1989). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(3) Page 124.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 106.

Other sources of information about Melinis effusa:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Melinis effusa
Flora of Zimbabwe: Melinis effusa

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Melinis effusa
African Plant Database: Melinis effusa
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Melinis effusa
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Melinis effusa
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Melinis effusa
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Melinis effusa
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Melinis effusa
JSTOR Plant Science: Melinis effusa
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Melinis effusa
Plants of the World Online: Melinis effusa
Tropicos: Melinis effusa
Wikipedia: Melinis effusa

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-23

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2023). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Melinis effusa., retrieved 24 September 2023

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