Cenchrus americanus (L.) Morrone

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Cenchrus americanus

Picture: Mark Hyde
University of Zimbabwe grounds

Cenchrus americanus

Picture: Mark Hyde
University of Zimbabwe grounds

Cenchrus americanus

Picture: Mark Hyde
University of Zimbabwe grounds

Cenchrus americanus

Picture: Mark Hyde
University of Zimbabwe grounds

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Synonyms: Cenchrus spicatus (L.) Cav.
Pennisetum americanum (L.) Leeke
Pennisetum glaucum (L.) R.Br.
Pennisetum typhoides (Burm.) Stapf & C.E. Hubb.
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Cultivated and naturalised
Description:
Annual grass up to 3 m high with leaves up to 1 m long and up to 7 cm wide. Inflorescence dense, globose or long linear and spike-like.
Type location:
Sri Lanka
Notes: Frequently cultivated and appearing sporadically as a naturalised casual, often on roadsides.
Derivation of specific name: americanus: American, a misleading name since the original parent species of this cultivated plants is either African or Asian.
Habitat:
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Widely cultivated in Africa and India but origins uncertain.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): E
Zambian distribution (Provinces): W
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Chapano, C., Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 28.

Clayton, W.D. (1989). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(3) Page 180.

Jackson, G. & Wiehe, P.O. (1958). An Annotated Check List of Nyasaland Grasses The Government Printer, Zomba, Nyasaland Page 69. As Pennisetum typhoides

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 108. As Pennisetum glaucum

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 142.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 191.

Other sources of information about Cenchrus americanus:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Cenchrus americanus
Flora of Botswana: cultivated Cenchrus americanus
Flora of Caprivi: Cenchrus americanus
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Cenchrus americanus
Flora of Malawi: Cenchrus americanus
Flora of Malawi: cultivated Cenchrus americanus
Flora of Mozambique: Cenchrus americanus
Flora of Mozambique: cultivated Cenchrus americanus
Flora of Zambia: cultivated Cenchrus americanus
Flora of Zimbabwe: Cenchrus americanus
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Cenchrus americanus

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Cenchrus americanus
African Plant Database: Cenchrus americanus
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Cenchrus americanus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Cenchrus americanus
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Cenchrus americanus
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Cenchrus americanus
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Cenchrus americanus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Cenchrus americanus
iNaturalist: Cenchrus americanus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Cenchrus americanus
JSTOR Plant Science: Cenchrus americanus
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Cenchrus americanus
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Cenchrus americanus
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Cenchrus americanus
Plants of the World Online: Cenchrus americanus
The Plant List (version 1.1): Cenchrus americanus
Tropicos: Cenchrus americanus
Wikipedia: Cenchrus americanus


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-19

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2019). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Cenchrus americanus.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=107810, retrieved 21 November 2019

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