Tristachya superba (De Not.) Schweinf. & Asch.

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Synonyms: Loudetia superba De Not.
Trichopteryx gigantea Stapf
Trichopteryx gigantea var. gracilis Rendle
Trichopteryx gigantea var. phalacrotes Peter
Trichopteryx gigantea var. spiciformis Pilg.
Trichopteryx hockii De Wild.
Trichopteryx homblei De Wild.
Trichopteryx superba (De Not.) Chiov.
Tristachya angusta J.B. Phipps
Common names:
Status: Native
Tufted perennial from a woody rootstock. Culms 1.2–2.4 m. high, the base bulbous and clad in pubescent or tomentose leaf-sheaths. Panicle 20–40 cm. long, linear, contracted, occasionally the branches villous, the spikelets in groups of (2)3 on short pedicels. Spikelets 25–35 mm. long, light brown, glabrous (rarely the inferior glume pubescent). Inferior glume 3–5 length of spikelet. Inferior lemma 5(7)-nerved. Superior lemma sparsely pubescent, the lobes acuminate to a setiform apex, with a central awn 4–12 cm. long.
Type location:
Derivation of specific name: superba: superb, proud
Habitat: Deciduous woodland
Altitude range: 450 - 1900 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Tropical Africa
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,W,C,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Cb,N,C,Lk,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Clayton, W.D. (1989). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(3) Pages 206 - 207.

Jackson, G. & Wiehe, P.O. (1958). An Annotated Check List of Nyasaland Grasses The Government Printer, Zomba, Nyasaland Page 47. As Loudetia superba

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 111.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 147.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 193.

Other sources of information about Tristachya superba:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Tristachya superba
Flora of Caprivi: Tristachya superba
Flora of Malawi: Tristachya superba
Flora of Mozambique: Tristachya superba
Flora of Zimbabwe: Tristachya superba

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Tristachya superba
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Tristachya superba
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Tristachya superba
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Tristachya superba
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Tristachya superba
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Tristachya superba
JSTOR Plant Science: Tristachya superba
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Tristachya superba
Plants of the World Online: Tristachya superba
Tropicos: Tristachya superba
Wikipedia: Tristachya superba

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-23

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2023). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Tristachya superba., retrieved 30 September 2023

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