Bothriochloa bladhii (Retz.) S.T. Blake

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Synonyms: Amphilophis glabra (Roxb.) Stapf
Amphilophis glabra var. haenkei (J. Presl) E.G. & A. Camus
Amphilophis haenkei (J. Presl) Haines
Amphilophis insculpta sensu Stent & Rattray, non (Hochst. ex A. Rich.) Stapf.
Amphilophis intermedia (R. Br.) Stapf
Andropogon bladhii Retz.
Andropogon caucasicus Trin.
Andropogon glaber Roxb.
Andropogon haenkei J. Presl
Andropogon intermedius R. Br.
Andropogon inundatus F. Muell.
Andropogon leptanthus Steud.
Andropogon perfossus Nees & Meyen ex Steud.
Andropogon punctatus Roxb.
Bothriochloa anamitica Kuntze
Bothriochloa caucasica (Trin.) C.E. Hubb.
Bothriochloa glabra (Roxb.) A.Camus
Bothriochloa glabra subsp. haenkei (J. Presl) Henrard
Bothriochloa glabra var. epunctata Jackson
Bothriochloa haenkei (J. Presl) Ohwi
Bothriochloa intermedia (R. Br.) A. Camus
Bothriochloa inundata (F. Muell.) J.M. Black
Dichanthium bladhii (Retz.) Clayton
Rhaphis stricta Nees
Sorghum intermedium (R. Br.) Kuntze
Sorghum intermedium var. haenkei (J. Presl) Kuntze
Common names:
Status: Native
Caespitose perennial of variable habit; culms up to 100 cm high, rather straggling, the nodes glabrous, the internodes terete or channelled on one side; leaf sheaths barbate at the base; ligule membranous; leaf laminas up to 30 cm × 10 mm, almost glabrous, tapering gradually to a slender apex. Inflorescence paniculate, with numerous slender branches 2–5 cm long on a common axis 3–10 cm long; lowermost branches sometimes themselves branched; spikelets usually dark purple or flushed with purple; rhachis internodes and pedicels pilose with hairs up to 2.5 mm long. Sessile spikelet 3–4 mm long, barbate at the base; inferior glume pilose below the middle on the back, rarely glabrous, rigidly ciliate on the margins above, depressed along the middle, with a deep or shallow pit in the upper part, the pit sometimes absent in some spikelets, rarely absent altogether; superior glume lanceolate, the margins sparsely ciliate above or glabrous, depressed along both sides of the keel, the keel scabrid above; inferior floret empty, the lemma oblong, obtuse, glabrous; superior floret epaleate, with stipitiform lemma; awn 10–18 mm long, geniculate, glabrous; anthers c. 1.5 mm long. Pedicelled spikelet usually smaller than the sessile spikelet and reduced to 1 or 2 glumes, rarely well developed and with the inferior glume pitted.
Type location:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Growing on streamsides, swamp margins and cracking clays
Altitude range: 40 - 1500 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Africa to India, Australia and the Pacific; introduced in N America
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,C,E,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): N,Lk
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 9.

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 6.

Cope, T.A. (2002). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(4) Pages 45 - 47. (Includes a picture).

Jackson, G. & Wiehe, P.O. (1958). An Annotated Check List of Nyasaland Grasses The Government Printer, Zomba, Nyasaland Page 30. As Bothriochloa caucasica (p. 66), B. glabra glabra and B. glabra epunctata

Klaassen Esmerialda, E.S. & Craven P. (2003). Checklist of grasses in Namibia SABONET Report No. 20 Page 15.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 100.

Roodt, V. (2015). Grasses & Grazers of Botswana and the surrounding savanna Struik Nature, South Africa Pages 50 - 51. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2000). Notes on the grass subtribe Sorghinae (Poaceae: Andropogoneae) in the Flora Zambesiaca area Kirkia 17(2) Page 144.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 131.

Other sources of information about Bothriochloa bladhii:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Bothriochloa bladhii
Flora of Caprivi: Bothriochloa bladhii
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Bothriochloa bladhii
Flora of Malawi: Bothriochloa bladhii
Flora of Mozambique: Bothriochloa bladhii
Flora of Zimbabwe: Bothriochloa bladhii

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Bothriochloa bladhii
African Plant Database: Bothriochloa bladhii
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Bothriochloa bladhii
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Bothriochloa bladhii
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Bothriochloa bladhii
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Bothriochloa bladhii
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Bothriochloa bladhii
JSTOR Plant Science: Bothriochloa bladhii
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Bothriochloa bladhii
Plants of the World Online: Bothriochloa bladhii
Tropicos: Bothriochloa bladhii
Wikipedia: Bothriochloa bladhii

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Bothriochloa bladhii., retrieved 25 April 2024

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