Euclasta condylotricha (Steud.) Stapf

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Synonyms: Amphilophis piptatherus (Hack.) Nash
Andropogon condylotrichus Hochst. ex Steud.
Andropogon piptatherus Hack.
Euclasta glumacea Franch.
Euclasta graminea T. & H. Durand
Sorghum piptatherum (Hack.) Kuntze
Common names:
Status: Native
Annual; culms up to 150 cm high, geniculately ascending with stilt-roots, barbate at the nodes; leaf sheaths with long tubercle-based hairs at the mouth; ligule membranous with ciliolate to long-ciliate fringe; leaf laminas up to 25 cm × 2–10 mm, linear-lanceolate, somewhat flaccid, contracted at the base and drawn out at the apex into a setaceous point, glabrous on both sides or shortly pilose along the midrib and adjacent nerves; midrib whitish, prominent. Inflorescence of subdigitate racemes. Sessile spikelet: inferior glume c. 4 mm long, elliptic-oblong, with 5 nerves ending below the hyaline truncate apex, pilose on the margins and on the back below, scaberulous on the keels; superior glume c. 4 mm long, ovate, strongly carinate, glabrous; inferior floret empty with ovate carinate lemma ciliate on the keel and margins; superior floret bisexual; lemma hyaline, stipitiform; palea present; awn c. 37 mm long, minutely pilose; anthers c. 0.75 mm long. Pedicelled spikelet male; inferior glume c. 5.5 mm long, oblanceolate, 7–10-nerved, pilose in the lower 1/3; superior glume 4–4.5 mm long; superior floret with lemma slightly shorter than the glumes; anthers c. 1.5 mm long.
Type location:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Growing mainly on rocky escarpments and along roadsides
Altitude range: 200 - 1900 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Tropical Africa.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,C,E
Zambian distribution (Provinces): E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Cope, T.A. (2002). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(4) Pages 49 - 50. (Includes a picture).

Jackson, G. & Wiehe, P.O. (1958). An Annotated Check List of Nyasaland Grasses The Government Printer, Zomba, Nyasaland Page 41.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 105.

Setshogo, M.P. (2000). Notes on the grass subtribe Sorghinae (Poaceae: Andropogoneae) in the Flora Zambesiaca area Kirkia 17(2) Page 145.

Other sources of information about Euclasta condylotricha:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Euclasta condylotricha
Flora of Malawi: Euclasta condylotricha
Flora of Mozambique: Euclasta condylotricha
Flora of Zimbabwe: Euclasta condylotricha

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Euclasta condylotricha
African Plant Database: Euclasta condylotricha
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Euclasta condylotricha
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Euclasta condylotricha
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Euclasta condylotricha
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iNaturalist: Euclasta condylotricha
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Euclasta condylotricha
JSTOR Plant Science: Euclasta condylotricha
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Euclasta condylotricha
Plants of the World Online: Euclasta condylotricha
Tropicos: Euclasta condylotricha
Wikipedia: Euclasta condylotricha

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Euclasta condylotricha., retrieved 13 June 2024

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