Schizachyrium thollonii (Franch.) Stapf

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Synonyms: Andropogon mukuluensis Vanderyst
Andropogon thollonii Franch.
Schizachyrium monostachyon P.A. Duvign.
Schizachyrium mukuluense (Vanderyst) Vanderyst
Common names:
Status: Native
Densely caespitose perennial, often reddish-purple; culms up to 130 cm high, slender, erect, unbranched; internodes terete. Leaves mostly basal, often falcate; sheaths shorter than the internodes, glabrous or thinly pilose with straight hairs; laminas 4.5–24 cm × 1.2–4 mm, flat at the base, involute above, tapering to a fine point. Racemes 5–9 cm long, solitary, glabrous except for a conspicuous ring of 2–4 mm long hairs at the base of the spikelet, long exserted from the linear spatheole, dull purple; peduncles longer than the racemes; internodes and pedicels terete, linear, widened at the apex. Sessile and pedicelled spikelets similar, 5–7.5 mm long, (the pedicelled spikelets 1/3–1/2 as long again as the pedicel), sterile, female or bisexual, linear-ovate, dorsally compressed, flushed with dull purple; inferior glumes slightly convex, entire or occasionally 2-mucronate at the apex; superior lemma of sessile spikelet bifid only at the apex, mucronate or with an awn up to 11 mm long; lemma of pedicelled spikelet awnless or mucronate; anthers 2.5–4 mm long.
Type location:
Syntypes from DRC
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Burnt perennial grassland and dambos on loam or sandy clay
Altitude range: 1050 - 1700 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Congo-Brazzaville, DRC, Malawi, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): B,N,W,C
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Lk
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Cope, T.A. (2002). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(4) Pages 87 - 89. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 109.

Other sources of information about Schizachyrium thollonii:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Schizachyrium thollonii
Flora of Zimbabwe: Schizachyrium thollonii

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Schizachyrium thollonii
African Plant Database: Schizachyrium thollonii
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Schizachyrium thollonii
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Schizachyrium thollonii
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Schizachyrium thollonii
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Schizachyrium thollonii
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Schizachyrium thollonii
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Schizachyrium thollonii
iNaturalist: Schizachyrium thollonii
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Schizachyrium thollonii
JSTOR Plant Science: Schizachyrium thollonii
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Schizachyrium thollonii
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Schizachyrium thollonii
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Schizachyrium thollonii
Plants of the World Online: Schizachyrium thollonii
Tropicos: Schizachyrium thollonii
Wikipedia: Schizachyrium thollonii

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-21

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2021). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Schizachyrium thollonii., retrieved 21 October 2021

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