Hyparrhenia filipendula (Hochst.) Stapf

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Synonyms: Andropogon barteri var. menyharthii Hack.
Andropogon filipendulus Hochst.
Andropogon filipendulus var. pilosus Hochst.
Cymbopogon filipendulus (Hochst.) Rendle
Cymbopogon filipendulus var. angolensis Rendle
Hyparrhenia familiaris sensu Vesey-FitzGerald, non (Steud.) Stapf.
Hyparrhenia filipendula (Hochst.) Stapf var. filipendula
Hyparrhenia filipendula var. pilosa (Hochst.) Stapf
Hyparrhenia piovanii Chiov.
Common names:
Status: Native
Caespitose perennial arising from short scaly rhizomes; culms up to 200 cm high, branched from the inferior nodes. Leaf sheaths glabrous or rarely sparsely pilose with stiff white hairs; leaf laminas up to 30 cm × 4 mm. False panicle 30–80 cm long, virgate, its branches slender and graceful; spatheoles 4.5–5.5 cm long, linear to almost filiform; peduncles about as long as the spatheoles, very fine and flexuous, with or without spreading white hairs above; racemes 10–12 mm long, 2–4-awned per pair, delicate, yellowish-green often tinged with violet, terminally exserted, not deflexed; raceme-bases very unequal, the superior (4)4.5–8(10) mm long, slender, glabrous. Homogamous spikelets 5–7 mm long, linear-lanceolate, glabrous, a single pair at the base of the inferior raceme and 2 pairs at the base of the superior. Sessile spikelets 5.5–7 mm long; callus 1.8–3 mm long, pungent; inferior glume linear-oblong, flat on the back or with the inner nerves ± raised towards the apex and with an indistinct median hollow towards the base, glabrous to villous with white hairs; awn 3–5.5 cm long, the column hirtellous with fulvous hairs 0.7–1.2 mm long. Pedicelled spikelets 5–6 mm long, linear-lanceolate, terminating in an awnlet 1–5 mm long; callus absent; pedicel-tooth very short, triangular.
Type location:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: A common species of open situations in a wide range of soil and vegetation types, particularly those subject to disturbance
Altitude range: 100 - 1500 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Tropical and South Africa, but mainly on the eastern side of the continent; also in Madagascar and extending eastwards through Sri Lanka to Australia
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,W,C,E,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Lp,Lk
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 350. as Hyparrhenia filipendula filipendula

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 32. As Hyparrhenia filipendula filipendula

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 21. As Hyparrhenia filipendula filipendula

Cope, T.A. (2002). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(4) Pages 113 - 114.

Jackson, G. & Wiehe, P.O. (1958). An Annotated Check List of Nyasaland Grasses The Government Printer, Zomba, Nyasaland Page 44. Also as var. pilosa

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 105.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 148.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 190.

Other sources of information about Hyparrhenia filipendula:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Hyparrhenia filipendula
Flora of Caprivi: Hyparrhenia filipendula
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Hyparrhenia filipendula
Flora of Malawi: Hyparrhenia filipendula
Flora of Mozambique: Hyparrhenia filipendula
Flora of Zimbabwe: Hyparrhenia filipendula

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Hyparrhenia filipendula
African Plant Database: Hyparrhenia filipendula
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Hyparrhenia filipendula
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Hyparrhenia filipendula
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Hyparrhenia filipendula
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Hyparrhenia filipendula
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Hyparrhenia filipendula
JSTOR Plant Science: Hyparrhenia filipendula
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Hyparrhenia filipendula
Plants of the World Online: Hyparrhenia filipendula
Tropicos: Hyparrhenia filipendula
Wikipedia: Hyparrhenia filipendula

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Hyparrhenia filipendula.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=108870, retrieved 18 July 2024

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