Hyparrhenia poecilotricha (Hack.) Stapf

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Synonyms: Andropogon buchananii Stapf
Andropogon pleiarthron Stapf
Andropogon poecilotrichus Hack.
Cymbopogon pleiarthron (Stapf) Stapf ex Burtt Davy
Hyparrhenia buchananii (Stapf) Stapf ex Stent
Hyparrhenia familiaris var. pilosa Robyns
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Perennial; culms up to 130 cm high. Leaf sheaths glabrous or very rarely loosely pilose; leaf laminas up to 30 cm × 3 mm, rigid. False panicle up to 30 cm long, lax and open; spatheoles 4–8 cm long, linear; peduncles about as long as the spatheoles, glabrous or with whitish or yellowish hairs towards the apex; racemes 1.5–2 cm long, 4–7-awned per pair, fulvously pilose, terminally exserted, not or tardily deflexed; raceme-bases unequal, the superior 3.5–7 mm long, terete, glabrous or rarely loosely and thinly pilose, the articulation with the peduncle glabrous. Homogamous spikelets similar to the pedicelled spikelets, 1 or very rarely 2 pairs at the base of the inferior raceme and 2 (or sometimes only 1) at the base of the superior, the number usually variable within the same panicle. Sessile spikelets 5.5–7 mm long; callus 1–2 mm long, acute to pungent; inferior glume narrowly lanceolate, pubescent with fulvous or yellow hairs; awn 2.5–4 cm long, the column rufously pubescent. Pedicelled spikelets 4–7 mm long, narrowly lanceolate, usually with an awn-point up to 2 mm long at the apex; callus absent; pedicel-tooth up to 0.2 mm long, triangular.
Type location:
Notes: Tends to merge with Hyparrhenia rufa and Hyparrhenia nyassae
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Growing in deciduous bushland and in dambos
Altitude range: 1120 - 1800 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Tropical and South Africa, but mostly on the eastern side
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): B,N,C,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): N,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 21.

Cope, T.A. (2002). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(4) Pages 105 - 106.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 105.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 139.

Other sources of information about Hyparrhenia poecilotricha:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Hyparrhenia poecilotricha
Flora of Malawi: Hyparrhenia poecilotricha
Flora of Mozambique: Hyparrhenia poecilotricha
Flora of Zimbabwe: Hyparrhenia poecilotricha

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Hyparrhenia poecilotricha
African Plant Database: Hyparrhenia poecilotricha
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Hyparrhenia poecilotricha
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Hyparrhenia poecilotricha
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Hyparrhenia poecilotricha
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Hyparrhenia poecilotricha
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Hyparrhenia poecilotricha
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Hyparrhenia poecilotricha
iNaturalist: Hyparrhenia poecilotricha
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Hyparrhenia poecilotricha
JSTOR Plant Science: Hyparrhenia poecilotricha
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Hyparrhenia poecilotricha
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Hyparrhenia poecilotricha
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Hyparrhenia poecilotricha
Plants of the World Online: Hyparrhenia poecilotricha
Tropicos: Hyparrhenia poecilotricha
Wikipedia: Hyparrhenia poecilotricha


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-21

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2021). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Hyparrhenia poecilotricha.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=108960, retrieved 20 October 2021

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