Hyparrhenia quarrei Robyns

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Synonyms:
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Caespitose perennial; culms up to 200 cm high. Leaf sheaths at the base of the plant usually white-pubescent, sometimes glabrous, rarely tomentose; leaf laminas up to 40 cm × 5 mm, rigid, glaucous, harsh. False panicle c. 30 cm long, narrow, moderately dense; spatheoles 3–5 cm long, linear, russet coloured; peduncles flexuous, a little longer than the spatheoles, with spreading white tubercle-based hairs above; racemes 1.5–2 cm long, 6–10-awned per pair, white-hirsute, terminally exserted, at least some of them deflexed; internodes 2–3 mm long; raceme-bases unequal, the superior 2–3.5 mm long, hirsute, sometimes with a few stiff bristles or sometimes glabrous. Homogamous spikelets similar to the pedicelled spikelets, a single pair at the base of the inferior or both racemes. Sessile spikelets 4.5–5.5 mm long; callus 0.7–1.2 mm long, linear to narrowly cuneate; inferior glume narrowly lanceolate, pubescent to villous with white hairs; awn 1.8–3.6 cm long, the column pubescent with hairs 0.2–0.5 mm long. Pedicelled spikelets 5–7 mm long, linear-lanceolate, pubescent to villous, acute and muticous at the apex; callus absent; pedicel-tooth 0.1–0.5 mm long, subulate.
Type location:
Notes:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Growing in deciduous bushland, wooded grassland and dambos, at high altitude
Altitude range: 1230 - 1600 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Throughout tropical and South Africa, but mainly in the southern half of the continent and rather scattered elsewhere, probably introduced in Australia
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,W,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): C,W
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Cope, T.A. (2002). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(4) Pages 109 - 110.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 105.

Other sources of information about Hyparrhenia quarrei:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Hyparrhenia quarrei
Flora of Mozambique: Hyparrhenia quarrei
Flora of Zimbabwe: Hyparrhenia quarrei

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Hyparrhenia quarrei
African Plant Database: Hyparrhenia quarrei
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Hyparrhenia quarrei
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Hyparrhenia quarrei
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Hyparrhenia quarrei
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Hyparrhenia quarrei
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Hyparrhenia quarrei
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Hyparrhenia quarrei
iNaturalist: Hyparrhenia quarrei
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Hyparrhenia quarrei
JSTOR Plant Science: Hyparrhenia quarrei
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Hyparrhenia quarrei
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Hyparrhenia quarrei
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Hyparrhenia quarrei
Plants of the World Online: Hyparrhenia quarrei
Tropicos: Hyparrhenia quarrei
Wikipedia: Hyparrhenia quarrei


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-21

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2021). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Hyparrhenia quarrei.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=108970, retrieved 21 October 2021

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