Hyparrhenia schimperi (A. Rich.) Stapf

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Synonyms: Andropogon schimperi A. Rich.
Cymbopogon schimper (Hochst. ex A. Rich.) Rendle
Hyparrhenia gazensis sensu Jackson & Wiehe, non (Rendle) Stapf.
Hyparrhenia variabilis sensu Stent & Rattray, non Stapf.
Hyparrhenia viridescens Robyns
Common names:
Status: Native
Robust, coarsely caespitose perennial arising from a short rhizome; culms up to 400 cm high and up to 8 mm in diameter, often supported by stilt roots. Leaf sheaths glabrous or rarely pubescent at the base; leaf laminas up to 60 cm × 20 mm, glabrous or with a few hairs beneath. False panicle 30–60 cm long, large, decompound; spatheoles 2.2–3.2 cm long, lanceolate, glabrous, turning russet-brown; peduncles 10–15 mm long, up to half as long as the spatheole, pilose above; racemes 1.2–1.6 cm long, up to a maximum of 6–8-awned per pair in any given panicle, exserted laterally, at length deflexed; raceme-bases subequal, the superior 0.5–1.5 mm long, flattened to subterete, stiffly barbate, with a scarious lobe up to 0.6 mm long at the apex. Homogamous spikelets 5–8 mm long, a single pair at the base of the inferior raceme only, glabrous to sparsely pilose on the back, ciliate on the margins. Sessile spikelets 4–5 mm long; callus 0.5–0.8 mm long, cuneate, narrowly obtuse to acute at the apex; inferior glume oblong-lanceolate, glabrescent to sparsely pubescent; awn 2–3.3 cm long, the column pubescent with white or tawny hairs. Pedicelled spikelets 5–7 mm long, glabrous to shortly and sparsely pilose, with an awn-point up to 6 mm long, occasionally muticous; callus scarcely developed; pedicel-tooth obscure.
Type location:
Derivation of specific name: schimperi: named after Wilhelm Schimper, explorer and collector, particularly in Ethiopia.
Habitat: Growing in open, wooded and riverine grasslands, deciduous bushland, dambos and old areas of cultivation
Altitude range: 500 - 2300 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Madagascar, on the eastern side of Africa from Ethiopia southwards to South Africa, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): B,N,W,C,E,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Lp,Lk,W
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 350.

Cope, T.A. (2002). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(4) Page 121.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 105.

Other sources of information about Hyparrhenia schimperi:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Hyparrhenia schimperi
Flora of Mozambique: Hyparrhenia schimperi
Flora of Zimbabwe: Hyparrhenia schimperi

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Hyparrhenia schimperi
African Plant Database: Hyparrhenia schimperi
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Hyparrhenia schimperi
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Hyparrhenia schimperi
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Hyparrhenia schimperi
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Hyparrhenia schimperi
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Hyparrhenia schimperi
JSTOR Plant Science: Hyparrhenia schimperi
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Hyparrhenia schimperi
Plants of the World Online: Hyparrhenia schimperi
Tropicos: Hyparrhenia schimperi
Wikipedia: Hyparrhenia schimperi

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Hyparrhenia schimperi.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=109000, retrieved 24 June 2024

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