Cyperus compressus L.

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Cyperus compressus

Bulozi Plain
Feb 1999
Photocopy by Mike Bingham

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Common names: Sikwizi (Lozi)
Status: Native
Annual up to 60 cm tall, slender to robust, culm 10─46 cm long, 1─3 mm wide, 3-angled, glabrous. Leaves up to 49 cm long, leaf sheath pale brown to red to purplish 0.5─6 cm long; leaf blade linear, flat, 10-13 cm long, 2─5 mm wide, glabrous. Inflorescence a simple anthela, primary branches 2─7, 0.5─13 cm long; spikelets in digitate clusters, sessile and at the end of primary branches, 4─12 per cluster, linear-oblong; glumes pale green to pale brown.
Type location:
Notes: Red data list status: widespread, not threatened.
Has been suggested as an ornamental pot plant (Gordon-Gray).
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Temporary pools, riverine sand bars, cultivation.
Altitude range: Up to 1200 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Regional distribution: Zambia, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe.
Global distribution: western, eastern and southern Africa, Asia, Americas.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): B
Zambian distribution (Provinces): W
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Thursday 2 February 2017

Gordon-Gray, K.D. (1995). Cyperaceae in Natal Strelitzia 2 Page 54.

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 529. (Includes a picture).

Hoenselaar, K., Verdcourt, B. & Beentje, H.J. (2010). Cyperaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa Pages 209 - 210. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 118.

Other sources of information about Cyperus compressus:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Cyperus compressus
Flora of Malawi: Cyperus compressus
Flora of Mozambique: Cyperus compressus
Flora of Zimbabwe: Cyperus compressus

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Cyperus compressus
African Plant Database: Cyperus compressus
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Cyperus compressus
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Cyperus compressus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Cyperus compressus
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Cyperus compressus
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Cyperus compressus
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Cyperus compressus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Cyperus compressus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Cyperus compressus
Ispot Southern Africa: Cyperus compressus
JSTOR Plant Science: Cyperus compressus
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Cyperus compressus
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Cyperus compressus
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Cyperus compressus
The Plant List (version 1.1): Cyperus compressus
Tropicos: Cyperus compressus

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-19

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2019). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Cyperus compressus., retrieved 23 May 2019

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