459.000 Cyperus L.



Description of the genus

Perennial, less often annual, herbs, tufted or with rhizomes or stolons, sometimes producing tubers or bulbs. Culms usually triangular. Leaves usually at or near the base of the culm, the culm base sometimes swollen, 3-ranked, linear and grass-like, the lower ones often scale-like. Inflorescence terminal, often a subumbel-like anthela or congested into a dense head; subtended by leaf-like involucral bracts. Spikelets 1-many-flowered. Glumes distichous. Perianth 0. Stamens 1-3. Stigmas 2-3, if 2, then nutlet dorsally flattened. Fruit a nutlet, usually dorsally flattened.

Worldwide: c. 300 species in warm and tropical countries

Zambia: 69 taxa.

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Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsProvincesContent
absconditicoronatus Bauters, Reyn-ders & Goetgh.WNw
albopilosus (C.B.Clarke) Kük.
albostriatus Schrad.Description, Image
alopecuroides Rottb.Image
altochrysocephalus Lye[DD]
amabilis VahlB,N,W,C,E,SNw,Lp,E,Lk,S,WDescription, Image
amauropus Steud.
angolensis BoeckelerB,C,E,SNw,Mc,C,Lk,S,WDescription, Image
articulatus L.B,N,W,C,SNw,N,C,Lk,S,WDescription, Image
aureo-brunneus C.B.ClarkeNLp,N,McImage
clavinux C.B. ClarkeE,S
compressus L.BWDescription, Image
congestus VahlN
cuspidatus KunthLp,S
cyperoides (L.) KuntzeN,CC,LkDescription, Image
deciduus BoeckelerNw,N,C,Lk,W
denudatus L.f. var. denudatus N,W,C,E,SNw,Lp,N,Mc,E,C,Lk,SDescription, Image
derreilema Steud.
dichrostachyus Hochst. ex A.Rich.Nw
difformis L.N,E,SMc,E,SDescription, Image
digitatus Roxb. var. digitatus Image
digitatus Roxb. subsp. auricomus (Sieber ex Spreng.) Kük.B,N,C,SN,C,Lk,WDescription, Image
distans L.f.N,W,C,SCb,Lp,N,Lk,SDescription, Image
dives DelileS
dubius Rottb.B,C,SLk,S,WDescription, Image
esculentus L.N,W,C,SN,C,Lk,S,WDescription, Image
fulgens sensu Vorster ms.C,S
haspan L.
imbricatus Retz.B,N,C,SC,SDescription, Image
involucratus Rottb.CCDescription, Image
kasamensis Podlech[DD]
laevigatus L.E,SE,SDescription, Image
latifolius Poir.Nw,N
laxus Lam. subsp. sylvestris (Ridl.) LyeN,W,C,SNw,Lp,N,Lk,SDescription, Image
longus L. var. tenuiflorus (Rottb.) Kük.B,E,SE,S,WDescription, Image
longus L. var. longus SS
maculatus BoeckelerNw,Cb
mapanioides C.B. ClarkeWNw,CbDescription, Image
margaritaceus VahlNw,Cb,C,Lk,S,WImage
matagoroensis Muasya & D.A. Simpson[NrEnd]N,EDescription, Image
mollipes (C.B. Clarke) K. Schum.SSDescription, Image
mwinilungensis PodlechN,C,SN,Mc,C,Lk,SDescription, Image
nduru Cherm.N,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
niveus Retz. var. leucocephalus (Kunth) FosbergN,C,E,SMc,E,Lk,SDescription, Image
niveus Retz. var. tisserantii (Cherm.) K. LyeNMcDescription, Image
papyrus L.B,NLp,WDescription, Image
pectinatus VahlB,N,C,SLp,N,Mc,C,S,WDescription, Image
pluribracteatus (Kük.) GovaertsDescription, Image
procerus Rottb.Image
pseudoleptocladus Kük.Lp,S
pseudovestitus (C.B.Clarke) Kük.C,S
pubens Kük.N,W,C,SNw,N,C,Lk,SDescription, Image
pulchellus R. Br.SMc,SDescription, Image
pygmaeus Rottb.Mc
renschii Boeck.NNDescription, Image
rhynchosporoides Kuekenth.B,WNw,WImage
robinsonii Podl.[DD]
rotundus L.N,SSDescription, Image
rupestris KunthMc,S
schinzii Boeckeler
squarrosus L.C,SLk,SDescription, Image
tenax BoeckelerNw,N,C,Lk,S,W
tenuiculmis BoeckelerNw,Lp,C,Lk,S
tenuispica Steud.S,W
turrillii Kük.B,C,SC,S,WDescription, Image
usitatus Burch. subsp. palmatus LyeS
usitatus Burch. subsp. usitatus var. macrobulbus Kük.S
zambesiensis C.B.Clarke[DD]Description
zollingeri Steud.Lp,N

Other sources of information about Cyperus:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Cyperus
Flora of Caprivi: Cyperus
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Cyperus
Flora of Malawi: Cyperus
Flora of Mozambique: Cyperus
Flora of Zimbabwe: Cyperus
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Cyperus

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Cyperus
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Cyperus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Cyperus
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Cyperus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Cyperus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Cyperus
JSTOR Plant Science: Cyperus
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Cyperus
Plants of the World Online: Cyperus
Tropicos: Cyperus
Wikipedia: Cyperus

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Genus page: Cyperus.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=267, retrieved 21 February 2024

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