Commelina africana L.

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Commelina africana

Picture: Bart Wursten
Cleveland Dam, Harare

Commelina africana

Picture: Bart Wursten
Near the lodges, Lake Kyle Recreational Park

Commelina africana

Picture: Bart Wursten
Mt Susurumba, Juliasdale.

Commelina africana

Picture: Bart Wursten
Mt Susurumba, Juliasdale.

Commelina africana

Picture: Bart Wursten
Mt Susurumba, Juliasdale.

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms:
Common names:
Frequency: Common
Status: Native
Description:
Spreading, prostrate perennial herb. A very variable species, many varieties have been described at times. Flowers pale to bright yellow, borne from a boat-shaped bract, 1-3 at the time, each flower only lasting through the morning before disintegrating.
Type location:
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: africana: African
Habitat: Widespread in woodland, grassland and disturbed places.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Nov - Apr
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in Africa, Yemen and Madagascar. Naturalized in Australia.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,E (other?)
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Nw,N,Mc,Lk,S,W
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Baumann, G. (2005). Photographic Guide to Wildflowers of Malawi Wildlife and Environmental Society of Malawi Pages 242 - 243. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 294. under various subtaxa

Chapano, C., Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 9. As Commelina africana africana, C. africana krebsiana and C. africana lancispatha

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 231. as Commelina africana barberae (Includes a picture).

Kirby, G. (2013). Wild Flowers of Southeast Botswana Struik Nature, Cape Town South Africa Page 154. (Includes a picture).

Linley, K. & Baker, B. (1972). Flowers of the Veld Bundu Series Longman Zimbabwe Page 11. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 86.

Moriarty, A. (1975). Wild Flowers of Malawi Purnell & sons Cape Town. Pages 37 - 38. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 117.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 70.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 82. As var. africana and var. krebsiana

Other sources of information about Commelina africana:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Commelina africana
Flora of Caprivi: Commelina africana
Flora of Malawi: Commelina africana
Flora of Mozambique: Commelina africana
Flora of Zimbabwe: Commelina africana

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Commelina africana
African Plant Database: Commelina africana
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Commelina africana
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Commelina africana
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Commelina africana
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Commelina africana
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Commelina africana
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Commelina africana
iNaturalist: Commelina africana
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Commelina africana
JSTOR Plant Science: Commelina africana
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Commelina africana
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Commelina africana
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Commelina africana
Plants of the World Online: Commelina africana
The Plant List (version 1.1): Commelina africana
Tropicos: Commelina africana
Wikipedia: Commelina africana


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-19

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2019). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Commelina africana.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=112570, retrieved 20 September 2019

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