Drimia sanguinea (Schinz) Jessop

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Drimia sanguinea

Natural habitat is disturbed woodland being cleared for agriculture growing in sandy loam
Cultivated at Dabuyu Farms
Sep 2019
Photo: Nick Wightman

Drimia sanguinea

Inflorescence and seedpods
Natural habitat is disturbed woodland being cleared for agriculture growing in sandy loam
Cultivated at Dabuyu Farms
Sep 2019
Photo: Nick Wightman

Drimia sanguinea

Natural habitat is undisturbed open miombo woodland on Kalahari sand on road to Kalengwa Mine
Cultivated at Dabuyu Farms
Aug 2019
Photo: Nick Wightman

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Synonyms: Urginea burkei Baker
Urginea sanguinea Schinz
Common names:
Frequency: Locally common
Status: Native
Bulbous perennial herb, 20-40(60) cm high, flowering before leaves; bulb 5-8 cm wide, scales and flesh reddish; leaves c. 35 x 1.2-1.5 cm, linear to lanceolate, grooved, tough and stiff; scape erect, up to 4 mm in diameter at lowest flower; raceme 8-26 cm long, lax to relatively dense, 25-60 flowers; bracts c. 3 mm long with 1 or 2 spurs c. 0.5 mm long, one in the middle and 1 at base of bract; pedicels 2.5-11 mm long; perianth segments spreading, 6-8 mm long, white to greenish-white with purplish to greenish midrib; capsule broadly fusiform with blunt ends, 10-14 x 6-10 mm, dry perianth segments forming a cap on developing capsule; seeds c. 8 x 4 mm.
Type location:
Notes: Red Data list status: Locally common; not threatened
Derivation of specific name: sanguinea: blood-red, referring to the colour of the bulbs and bulb scales.
Habitat: Open bushland or woodland in sandy or rocky places.
Altitude range: 0 - 700 m
Flowering time:(Aug-)Sep - Oct-(Nov)
Worldwide distribution: Angola and Botswana east through Zambia and Zimbabwe to Malawi and Mozambique south to South Africa.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): B,N,C,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Lp,Lk,S,W
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Thursday 10 October 2019

Kativu, S. & Stedje, B. (2001). Hyacinthaceae Pages 98 - 99.

Kirby, G. (2013). Wild Flowers of Southeast Botswana Struik Nature, Cape Town South Africa Page 86. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 91. as Urginea sanguinea

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 123.

Shone, D.K. & Drummond, R.B. (1965). Poisonous Plants of Rhodesia Ministry of Agriculture, Rhodesia Pages 34 - 36. as Urginea sanguinea (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Drimia sanguinea:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Drimia sanguinea
Flora of Caprivi: Drimia sanguinea
Flora of Mozambique: Drimia sanguinea
Flora of Zimbabwe: Drimia sanguinea

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Drimia sanguinea
African Plant Database: Drimia sanguinea
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Drimia sanguinea
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Drimia sanguinea
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Drimia sanguinea
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Drimia sanguinea
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Drimia sanguinea
JSTOR Plant Science: Drimia sanguinea
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Drimia sanguinea
Plants of the World Online: Drimia sanguinea
Tropicos: Drimia sanguinea
Wikipedia: Drimia sanguinea

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Drimia sanguinea.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=114300, retrieved 13 June 2024

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