Habenaria cirrhata (Lindl.) Rchb. f.

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Habenaria cirrhata

Plant in grassy habitat;
Chief Chibwika, Wanyizenzi; Jan 1991.
Photo: Mike Bingham

Habenaria cirrhata

Lusaka SE 13km; Feb 2014.
Photo: Mike Bingham

Habenaria cirrhata

Lusaka SE 13km; Feb 2014.
Photo: Mike Bingham

Habenaria cirrhata

Lusaka SE 13km; Feb 2014.
Photo: Mike Bingham

Habenaria cirrhata

Lusaka SE 13km; Feb 2014.
Photo: Mike Bingham

Habenaria cirrhata

Lusaka SE 13km; Feb 2014.
Photo: Mike Bingham

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms:
Common names:
Frequency: Rare
Status: Native
Description:
Robust herb to 140 cm tall, glabrous except for tuber; tuber ellipsoid or ovoid; stem leafy, leaves 9-13, the lowermost 1-2 loosely sheathing, mid-stem leaves broad, upper leaves grading into the bracts; inflorescence laxly 2-12 flowered; flower green and white; spur 13-22 cm long, slightly dilated towards the tip.
Type location:
Madagascar
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: Cirrhata: cirrhatus (adj.) = tendrilled, ending in a narrow curled or wavy appendage
Habitat: Miombo woodland or wooded grassland.
Altitude range: 1100 - 1500 m
Flowering time:Jan - Feb
Worldwide distribution: (West Africa; East Africa; South-central Africa): Widespread in tropical Africa, Malawi
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,W,C
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Nw,N,Lk
Growth form(s): Terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status: Lower Risk - least concern
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Tuesday 11 February 2014
Literature:

Fibeck, W. & Dare, M. (1993). Terrestrial Orchids in Zimbabwe. Excelsa 16 Page 63.

Grosvenor, R.K. (1976). A list of orchids indigenous in Rhodesia. Excelsa 6 Page 83.

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1995). Orchidaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 11(1) Page 116.

La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Page 81.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 96.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 121.

Stewart, J. & Campbell, B. (1996). Orchids of Kenya Timber Press Inc, Portland Oregon, USA ISBN0-88192-357-5 Page 132.

Williamson, G. (1977). The Orchids of South Central Africa J.M. Dent & Sons Ltd., London. Pages 58 - 59. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Habenaria cirrhata:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Habenaria cirrhata
Flora of Zimbabwe: Habenaria cirrhata

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Habenaria cirrhata
African Plant Database: Habenaria cirrhata
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Habenaria cirrhata
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Habenaria cirrhata
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Habenaria cirrhata
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Habenaria cirrhata
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Habenaria cirrhata
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Habenaria cirrhata
iNaturalist: Habenaria cirrhata
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Habenaria cirrhata
JSTOR Plant Science: Habenaria cirrhata
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Habenaria cirrhata
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Habenaria cirrhata
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Habenaria cirrhata
Plants of the World Online: Habenaria cirrhata
Tropicos: Habenaria cirrhata
Wikipedia: Habenaria cirrhata


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-21

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2021). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Habenaria cirrhata.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=116670, retrieved 7 December 2021

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