FZ.15. Habenaria Willd.

Description of the genus

Terrestrial herbs. Leaves basal or cauline or appressed to the ground in a few spp. Inflorescence a terminal spike, Flowers usually inconspicuous, green, white or yellow. Sepals free, the dorsal sepal sometimes forming a hood with the petals. Petals entire or 2-lobed; lip usually 3-lobed, spurred, with the spur often swollen or flattened. Stigmatic arms often elongated. With Eulophia, this is one of the largest orchid genera in both Zimbabwe and Mozambique.

Worldwide: c.600 species in the tropics and subtropics

Zambia: 88 taxa.

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Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsProvincesContent
adolphii Schltr. WNw
amoena Summerh.N,SN,SDescription, Image
anaphysema Rchb. f.B,N,CNw,N,CDescription
argentea P.J.Cribb [LR-nt]N,W,CNw,Lp
armatissima Rchb. f.N,WCb,NDescription, Image
binghamii G.Will. [VU]NMcDescription, Image
calvilabris Summerh.[DD]N,SLp,N,SDescription, Image
cataphysema Rchb.f. N,WNw,NDescription, Image
cirrhata (Lindl.) Rchb. f.[LR-lc]N,W,CNw,N,LkDescription, Image
clavata (Lindl.) Rchb. f.N,W,CCb,N,LkDescription, Image
compta Summerh. NNDescription
cornuta Lindl.[DD]N,C,E,SLp,N,Mc,E,Lk,SDescription, Image
debeerstiana Kraenzl.N,CN,Mc,LkDescription, Image
decurvirostris Summerh. W
disparilis Summerh.N,CN,CDescription, Image
edgarii Summerh. [DD]N,WNw,NDescription, Image
falcata G. Will.WNwDescription
falciloba Summerh. WNw
filicornis Lindl.N,W,C,SLk,SDescription, Image
gabonensis Rchb.f. var. piloceras (Rchb.f.) Summerh. W,CNw,C
galactantha Kraenzl.N,WNw,NDescription, Image
geerinckiana GeerinckWNwDescription, Image
genuflexa Rendle N,WNw,NDescription
goetzeana Kraenzl.N,WNw,N,McDescription, Image
gonatosiphon Summerh.NEDescription, Image
harmsiana Schltr.[DD]EEDescription, Image
hebes la Croix & P.J.Cribb[EN]WNw
hirsutitrunci G. Will.[LR-nt]NN
holothrix Schltr.CLkDescription
holubii Rolfe[VU]B,N,W,C,E,SCb,N,E,Lk,S,WDescription, Image
humilior Rchb. f.[DD]N,W,C,E,SCb,N,E,Lk,SDescription, Image
ichneumonea (Sw.) Lindl.N,W,C,ENw,N,Lk
kabompoensis G. Will.WNwDescription
kassneriana Kraenzl. B,N,CN,C,WDescription, Image
kilimanjari Rchb.f. B,N,W,C,SS,WDescription, Image
kyimbilae Schltr.N?Image
laurentii De Wild.N,W,CN,Lk
leucoceras Schltr. EMc
leucotricha Schltr. var. leucotricha W,CNw,CDescription, Image
leucotricha Schltr. var. recticalcar la Croix & P.J.Cribb [End][LR-nt]N,WCb,NDescription
lindblomii Schltr.N,WNw,N,McDescription, Image
macroplectron Schltr. N,W,CNw,N,Mc,CDescription, Image
macrotidion Summerh. [End][DD]NLpImage
macrura Kraenzl.[LR-nt]W,C,E,SNw,Mc,C,LkDescription, Image
magnirostris Summerh.N,W,CNw,Mc,CDescription, Image
malacophylla Rchb. f.[LR-lc]N,W,CCb,N,LkDescription, Image
mechowii Rchb.f. N,EN
mira Summerh.NN
mirabilis Rolfe N,WNw,N
nicholsonii Rolfe W,C,EE,CDescription
njamnjamica Kraenzl.N,W,C,ENw,Cb,N,E,LkDescription, Image
odorata Schltr. WNw
orthocentron P.J.Cribb [End][DD]N
papyracea Schltr.N,WNw,NDescription, Image
pasmithii G.Will. [NrEnd?][LR-nt]N,WNw,NDescription, Image
perpulchra Kraenzl. NNDescription, Image
petitiana (A. Rich.) T. Durand & SchinzW,CNw,C
petraea Renz & Grosvenor [NrEnd]EMcDescription, Image
pilosa Schltr.N,W,CNw,N,LkDescription, Image
praestans Rendle var. praestans N,W,C,EN,LkDescription, Image
praestans Rendle var. umbrosa G.Will. CLk
pubidens P.J.Cribb [NrEnd][VU]EMcDescription, Image
retinervis Summerh.N,W,CNw,N,LkDescription, Image
rhopalostigma Kraenzl. N,W,CNw,N,CDescription, Image
schimperiana A. Rich.N,W,C,E,SNw,N,E,C,Lk,SDescription, Image
silvatica Schltr.NN
sochensis Rchb. f.[LR-lc]W,C,SCb,Lk,SDescription, Image
splendens Rendle N,CN,Mc,LkDescription, Image
splendentior Summerh. WNw,Cb
stenorhynchos Schltr.N,W,CNw,N,LkDescription, Image
stylites Rchb. f. & S. Moore subsp. rhodesiaca Summerh.E,SE,LkDescription, Image
subarmata Rchb. f.B,N,C,SN,C,S,WDescription, Image
supplicans Summerh. WNwDescription, Image
tentaculigera Rchb. f.[LR-nt]W,C,ENw,Mc,LkDescription, Image
tetraceras Summerh. N,CN,C
tortilis P.J.Cribb N,SN,S
trachypetala Kraenzl.EMc
tubifolia la Croix & P.J.Cribb[EN]NN
uhehensis Schltr.[LR-nt]N,CN,LkDescription, Image
uncicalcar Summerh.N,W,CNw,N,LkDescription, Image
unifoliata Summerh. N,W,C,ENw,N,E
velutina Summerh. [LR-nt]N,CN
verdickii (De Wild.) Schltr.N,WNw,NDescription, Image
villosa RolfeCCDescription, Image
walleri Rchb.f. NNDescription, Image
weberiana Schltr.N,W,CNwImage
xanthochlora Schltr. [NrEnd]EMcDescription, Image
zambesina Rchb.f.N,W,C,E,SNw,N,E,C,SDescription, Image

Other sources of information about Habenaria:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Habenaria
Flora of Caprivi: Habenaria
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Habenaria
Flora of Malawi: Habenaria
Flora of Mozambique: Habenaria
Flora of Zimbabwe: Habenaria

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Habenaria
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Habenaria
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Habenaria
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Habenaria
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Habenaria
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Habenaria
JSTOR Plant Science: Habenaria
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Habenaria
Plants of the World Online: Habenaria
Tropicos: Habenaria
Wikipedia: Habenaria

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Genus page: Habenaria.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=415, retrieved 27 May 2024

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