Habenaria cornuta Lindl.

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Habenaria cornuta

Wet dambos and grasslands
Feb 2018
Photo: Nick Wightman

Habenaria cornuta

Wet dambos and grasslands
Feb 2018
Photo: Nick Wightman

Habenaria cornuta

Wet dambos and grasslands
Feb 2018
Photo: Nick Wightman

Habenaria cornuta

Wet dambos and grasslands
Feb 2018
Photo: Nick Wightman

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Habenaria ceratopetala A Rich.
Habenaria orthocaulis Schltr.
Habenaria ruwenzoriensis Rendle
Habenaria subcornuta Schltr.
Common names:
Frequency: Locally common
Status: Native
Terrestrial herb up to 80 cm tall; stem leafy, sometimes arranged in two rows, largest leaves c. 2-10 x 0.7-4.5 cm; inflorescence laxly to densely several to many-flowered; flowers green or yellow-green, the lip occasionally white, side lobes of lip usually with 1-6 short teeth; spur up to 28 mm long and swollen in at tip.
Type location:
South Africa
Derivation of specific name: cornuta: horn referring to horn-like structure of lower petal lobes.
Habitat: Marshy dambo, swamp grassland, montane grassland and woodland.
Altitude range: 1000 - 2300 m
Flowering time:Feb - Apr
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical Africa.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,C,E,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Lp,N,Mc,E,Lk,S
Growth form(s): Perennial, terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status: Data deficient
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Thursday 15 March 2018

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 325.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 129.

Fibeck, W. & Dare, M. (1993). Terrestrial Orchids in Zimbabwe. Excelsa 16 Page 63.

Golding, J.S. (ed.) (2002). Zimbabwe Plant Red Data List. Southern African Plant Red Data Lists. SABONET 14 Page 181.

Grosvenor, R.K. (1976). A list of orchids indigenous in Rhodesia. Excelsa 6 Page 83.

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1995). Orchidaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 11(1) Pages 117 - 118. (Includes a picture).

La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Page 82. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 96.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 121.

Stewart, J. & Campbell, B. (1996). Orchids of Kenya Timber Press Inc, Portland Oregon, USA ISBN0-88192-357-5 Pages 132 - 133. (Includes a picture).

Summerhayes, V.S. (1953). African Orchids: XXII Kew Bulletin 8(4) Pages 576 - 577.

Williamson, G. (1977). The Orchids of South Central Africa J.M. Dent & Sons Ltd., London. Page 57.

Other sources of information about Habenaria cornuta:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Habenaria cornuta
Flora of Mozambique: Habenaria cornuta
Flora of Zimbabwe: Habenaria cornuta

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Habenaria cornuta
African Plant Database: Habenaria cornuta
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Habenaria cornuta
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Habenaria cornuta
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Habenaria cornuta
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Habenaria cornuta
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Habenaria cornuta
JSTOR Plant Science: Habenaria cornuta
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Habenaria cornuta
Plants of the World Online: Habenaria cornuta
Tropicos: Habenaria cornuta
Wikipedia: Habenaria cornuta

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-23

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2023). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Habenaria cornuta.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=116690, retrieved 1 December 2023

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