Habenaria njamnjamica Kraenzl.

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Habenaria njamnjamica

Photo: Doug Laing

Habenaria njamnjamica

Lusaka E Forest Reserve
Jan 2006
Photo: Mike Bingham

Habenaria njamnjamica

Mother tuber
Protea Hill Farm
Oct 2010
Photo: Mike Bingham

Habenaria njamnjamica

Young sprout
Protea Hill Farm
Nov 2008
Photo: Mike Bingham

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Habenaria foliolosa Kraenzl.
Habenaria parvifolia Summerh.
Common names:
Status: Native
Terrestrial herb 30-55 cm tall. Tubers ovoid or ellipsoid, hairy. Stem zigzag., Leaves 9-17 overlapping along the stem, lanceolate 2.5-7.5 cm long, lowermost 2-4 sheath-like, uppermost bract-like. Inflorescence 6-17 cm long, laxly 8-many-flowered; bracts lanceolate, 20-55 mm long, often longer than the flowers. Flowers green to yellow-green. Dorsal sepal erect, ovate 6-11 mm long, convex; lateral sepals obliquely lanceolate, 8-16 mm long, deflexed. Petals 2-lobed; upper lobe erect, narrowly lanceolate, 5-11 mm long; lower lobe more or less filiform, 6-14.5 mm long, spreading and curving upwards. Lip 3-lobed; midlobe linear, 10-14 mm long; side lobes similar to lower petal lobes, 9-14 mm long. Spur 1-2 cm long, swollen in apical half.
Type location:
Notes: Plants grown in nursery pots frequently produce more than one daughter tuber.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Miombo woodland, montane and plateau grassland, in partial shade.
Altitude range: 1180 - 2250 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: DRC, Sudan, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,W,C,E
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Nw,Cb,N,E,Lk
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Thursday 10 November 2016

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 326.

Fibeck, W. & Dare, M. (1993). Terrestrial Orchids in Zimbabwe. Excelsa 16 Page 64.

Grosvenor, R.K. (1976). A list of orchids indigenous in Rhodesia. Excelsa 6 Page 83.

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1995). Orchidaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 11(1) Pages 82 - 83.

La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Page 64. also as Habenaria parvifolia

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 96.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 121.

Stewart, J. & Campbell, B. (1996). Orchids of Kenya Timber Press Inc, Portland Oregon, USA ISBN0-88192-357-5 Page 139.

Summerhayes, V.S. (1962). African orchids XXVIII Kew Bulletin 16(2) Pages 265 - 267. Protologue as Habenaria parvifolia (Includes a picture).

Williamson, G. (1977). The Orchids of South Central Africa J.M. Dent & Sons Ltd., London. Pages 47 - 48. Also as Habenaria parvifolia (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Habenaria njamnjamica:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Habenaria njamnjamica
Flora of Zimbabwe: Habenaria njamnjamica

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Habenaria njamnjamica
African Plant Database: Habenaria njamnjamica
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Habenaria njamnjamica
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Habenaria njamnjamica
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Habenaria njamnjamica
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Habenaria njamnjamica
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Habenaria njamnjamica
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Habenaria njamnjamica
iNaturalist: Habenaria njamnjamica
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Habenaria njamnjamica
JSTOR Plant Science: Habenaria njamnjamica
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Habenaria njamnjamica
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Habenaria njamnjamica
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Habenaria njamnjamica
Plants of the World Online: Habenaria njamnjamica
Tropicos: Habenaria njamnjamica
Wikipedia: Habenaria njamnjamica

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-21

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2021). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Habenaria njamnjamica.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=116940, retrieved 20 October 2021

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