Habenaria papyracea Schltr.

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Habenaria papyracea

Undisturbed miombo woodland
Moffat Farm
Feb 2018
Photo: Nick Wightman

Habenaria papyracea

Undisturbed miombo woodland
Moffat Farm
Feb 2018
Photo: Nick Wightman

Habenaria papyracea

Undisturbed miombo woodland
Moffat Farm
Feb 2018
Photo: Nick Wightman

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Common names:
Status: Native
Terrestrial herb 30–60 cm tall; tuber ellipsoid to globose, 1.5–3 cm long, densely hairy. Leaves 6–14 along the stem, lowermost 2–4 loosely sheathing, upper ones grading into bracts, middle ones spreading, elliptic, oblanceolate or ovate, 5–14 cm long. Inflorescence 10–30 cm long, densely many-flowered; bracts 15–30 mm long, usually equalling or shorter than the flower. Flowers green. Dorsal sepal ovate, 4.5–9 mm long, erect, convex; lateral sepals obliquely lanceolate, 5.5–10 mm long, deflexed. Petals 2-lobed; upper lobe linear, 4–6.5 mm long, erect; lower lobe narrowly linear, 6–12 mm long, spreading and curving upwards. Lip 3-lobed; mid-lobe linear, 5.5–10 mm long, side lobes linear, 8–14 mm long; spur 7–20 mm long, slender, pendent.
Type location:
Derivation of specific name: papyracea: papery, referring to the leaves drying papery.
Habitat: In Brachystegia woodland and mixed woodland, on rocky hillsides and amongst rocks.
Altitude range: 1250 - 1800 m
Flowering time:Feb - Mar
Worldwide distribution: Nigeria, DRC, Sudan, Tanzania, Malawi, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,W
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Nw,N
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Thursday 9 May 2019

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 326.

Fibeck, W. & Dare, M. (1993). Terrestrial Orchids in Zimbabwe. Excelsa 16 Page 64.

Grosvenor, R.K. (1976). A list of orchids indigenous in Rhodesia. Excelsa 6 Page 83.

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1995). Orchidaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 11(1) Pages 83 - 84.

La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Page 64. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 96.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 121.

Williamson, G. (1977). The Orchids of South Central Africa J.M. Dent & Sons Ltd., London. Pages 48 - 49. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Habenaria papyracea:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Habenaria papyracea
Flora of Zimbabwe: Habenaria papyracea

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Habenaria papyracea
African Plant Database: Habenaria papyracea
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Habenaria papyracea
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Habenaria papyracea
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Habenaria papyracea
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Habenaria papyracea
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Habenaria papyracea
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Habenaria papyracea
iNaturalist: Habenaria papyracea
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Habenaria papyracea
JSTOR Plant Science: Habenaria papyracea
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Habenaria papyracea
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Habenaria papyracea
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Habenaria papyracea
Plants of the World Online: Habenaria papyracea
Tropicos: Habenaria papyracea
Wikipedia: Habenaria papyracea

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-22

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2022). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Habenaria papyracea.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=116960, retrieved 8 August 2022

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