Habenaria retinervis Summerh.

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Habenaria retinervis

Habit
Disturbed miombo woodland bordering dambo
Chimfunsi Wildlife Orphanage
Jan 2019
Photo: Nick Wightman

Habenaria retinervis

Flower portrait
Disturbed miombo woodland bordering dambo
Chimfunsi Wildlife Orphanage
Jan 2019
Photo: Nick Wightman

Habenaria retinervis

Flower profile
Disturbed miombo woodland bordering dambo
Chimfunsi Wildlife Orphanage
Jan 2019
Photo: Nick Wightman

Habenaria retinervis

Reticulate basal leaves
Disturbed miombo woodland bordering dambo
Chimfunsi Wildlife Orphanage
Jan 2019
Photo: Nick Wightman

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms:
Common names:
Frequency: Occasional
Status: Native
Description:
Terrestrial herb up to 80 cm tall growing from globose, ellipsoid or ovoid tubers 1-3 cm long; leaves 7-11, the lowermost 2-3 sheathing with white and dark green reticulate veining; largest stem leaves 5-16 x 1-3 cm, spreading, upper leaves grading into bracts; inflorescence laxly 8-30 flowered; flowers pale green or green and white; bracts scarious 10-20 mm long; ovary and pedicel 22-30 mm long, slightly arched; dorsal sepal reflexed, elliptic, 5-7 x 2.5-3 mm; lateral sepals deflexed, 7-9.5 x 4.5-6.5 mm, obliquely obovate with lateral apiculum; petals 2-lobed almost to base, upper lobe11-14 x 1 mm, lanceolate, lower lobes spreading, 9-11.5 x 1-2.5 mm, lanceolate; lip deflexed, 3-lobed almost to base; mid-lobe 11-14 x 1 mm, linear; side lobes 7.5-11 x 1.5 mm, narrowly lanceolate; spur 25-32 mm long with one twist in the middle, swollen at apex, parallel to pedicel and ovary.
Type location:
Zambia, Mwinilunga
Notes:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Brachystegia woodland, often in grassy clearings and forest margins
Altitude range: 1300 - 1740 m
Flowering time:Jan - Feb
Worldwide distribution: Zambia and DRC east to Tanzania and Malawi
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,W,C
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Nw,N,Lk
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Monday 23 December 2019
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 328.

Fibeck, W. & Dare, M. (1993). Terrestrial Orchids in Zimbabwe. Excelsa 16 Page 65.

Grosvenor, R.K. (1976). A list of orchids indigenous in Rhodesia. Excelsa 6 Page 83.

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1995). Orchidaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 11(1) Pages 103 - 104. (Includes a picture).

La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Page 77. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 96.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 121.

Summerhayes, V.S. (1962). African orchids XXVIII Kew Bulletin 16(2) Pages 290 - 292. Protologue (Includes a picture).

Williamson, G. (1977). The Orchids of South Central Africa J.M. Dent & Sons Ltd., London. Pages 54 - 55. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Habenaria retinervis:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Habenaria retinervis
Flora of Zimbabwe: Habenaria retinervis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Habenaria retinervis
African Plant Database: Habenaria retinervis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Habenaria retinervis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Habenaria retinervis
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Habenaria retinervis
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Habenaria retinervis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Habenaria retinervis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Habenaria retinervis
iNaturalist: Habenaria retinervis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Habenaria retinervis
JSTOR Plant Science: Habenaria retinervis
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Habenaria retinervis
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Habenaria retinervis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Habenaria retinervis
Plants of the World Online: Habenaria retinervis
The Plant List (version 1.1): Habenaria retinervis
Tropicos: Habenaria retinervis
Wikipedia: Habenaria retinervis


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-20

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2020). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Habenaria retinervis.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=117010, retrieved 8 August 2020

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