Habenaria uncicalcar Summerh.

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Habenaria uncicalcar

Undisturbed miombo woodland
Semu area, by Chimfunsi Nature Reserve
Jan 2019
Photo: Nick Wightman

Habenaria uncicalcar

Undisturbed miombo woodland
Semu area, by Chimfunsi Nature Reserve
Jan 2019
Photo: Nick Wightman

Habenaria uncicalcar

Undisturbed miombo woodland
Semu area, by Chimfunsi Nature Reserve
Jan 2019
Photo: Nick Wightman

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Common names:
Status: Native
Slender terrestrial herb 25–66 cm high; tubers globose to ellipsoid, up to 3 cm long, hairy. Leaves 8–10, along the stem, lowermost 3–4 sheath-like, upper ones grading into bracts, lanceolate, 3.5–8.5 cm long. Inflorescence fairly laxly up to c. 20-flowered; bracts usually shorter than the flowers. Flowers green. Dorsal ovate, sepal 6.5–11 mm long, erect, convex; lateral sepals obliquely lanceolate, 8–12 mm long, deflexed. Petals 2-lobed; posterior upper lobe linear, 6.5–10.6 mm long, erect, adnate to dorsal sepal; lower lobe long, narrowly linear, 7.5–15.5 mm long, deflexed then curving up. Lip 3-lobed; mid-lobe linear, 6.5–12 mm long, deflexed; side lobes usually shorter and narrower than mid-lobe; spur 8–11 mm long, basal half parallel to ovary, then abruptly bent up so that the apex is held above the flower,inflated at the apex.
Type location:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In Brachystegia woodland, and rocky areas in open woodland.
Altitude range: 660 - 1700 m
Flowering time:Jan - Mar
Worldwide distribution: DRC, Tanzania, Malawi, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,W,C
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Nw,N,Lk
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Thursday 9 May 2019

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 328.

Fibeck, W. & Dare, M. (1993). Terrestrial Orchids in Zimbabwe. Excelsa 16 Page 66.

Grosvenor, R.K. (1976). A list of orchids indigenous in Rhodesia. Excelsa 6 Page 83.

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1995). Orchidaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 11(1) Pages 87 - 88.

La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Page 67. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 96.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 122.

Summerhayes, V.S. (1962). African orchids XXVIII Kew Bulletin 16(2) Pages 270 - 273. Protologue (Includes a picture).

Williamson, G. (1977). The Orchids of South Central Africa J.M. Dent & Sons Ltd., London. Pages 47 - 49. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Habenaria uncicalcar:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Habenaria uncicalcar
Flora of Malawi: Habenaria uncicalcar
Flora of Zimbabwe: Habenaria uncicalcar

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Habenaria uncicalcar
African Plant Database: Habenaria uncicalcar
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Habenaria uncicalcar
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Habenaria uncicalcar
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Habenaria uncicalcar
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Habenaria uncicalcar
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Habenaria uncicalcar
JSTOR Plant Science: Habenaria uncicalcar
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Habenaria uncicalcar
Plants of the World Online: Habenaria uncicalcar
Tropicos: Habenaria uncicalcar
Wikipedia: Habenaria uncicalcar

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Habenaria uncicalcar.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=117170, retrieved 21 February 2024

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