Disa zombica N.E. Br.

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Disa zombica

Picture: Joachim Thiede
Nyika National Park, Chelinda Hill, N of summit between road and summit

Disa zombica

Picture: Joachim Thiede
Nyika National Park, Chelinda Hill, N of summit between road and summit

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Synonyms: Disa nyassana Schltr.
Common names:
Status: Native
Terrestrial herb with separate sterile and fertile shoots. Sterile shoot with leaves 2-3, conduplicate, erect. Fertile shoot up to 60 cm tall. Inflorescence 9-16 cm long, usually dense, 10-25-flowered. Floral bracts much overtopping the flowers. Flowers with grey-greem lateral sepals and magenta to purple petals and dorsal sepal. Dorsal sepal 14-21 mm long, spathulate; claw 7-11mm long, erect, canaliculate, as long as the blade; blade ovate, obtuse, facing down. Spur 4-7 mm, pendent from a small hump near the base of the blade, not reaching the base of the dorsal sepal. Petals 2-lobed; anterior lobe 4-7 mm long, shorter than the claw of the dorsal sepal; posterior lobes oblanceolate. Lip pendent, linear.
Type location:
Malawi, Zomba
Derivation of specific name: zombica: of Zomba in Malawi, where the type specimen was found
Habitat: Montane grassland
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Jan - Apr
Worldwide distribution: Burundi, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Mc
Growth form(s): Terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Thursday 15 June 2017

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 322. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 22.

Fibeck, W. & Dare, M. (1993). Terrestrial Orchids in Zimbabwe. Excelsa 16 Page 57.

Grosvenor, R.K. (1976). A list of orchids indigenous in Rhodesia. Excelsa 6 Page 80.

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1995). Orchidaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 11(1) Page 169.

La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Page 117. (Includes a picture).

Linder, H.P. (1981). Taxonomic studies in the Disinae (Orchidaceae): IV A revision of Disa Berg. sect. Micranthae Lindl. Bulletin du Jardin Botanique National de Belgique 51(3/4) Pages 326 - 328. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 95.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 119.

Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1976). A Provisional Checklist of the Orchidaceae of Mozambique South African Journal of Botany 42(4) Page 390.

Williamson, G. (1977). The Orchids of South Central Africa J.M. Dent & Sons Ltd., London. Pages 79 - 80. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Disa zombica:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Disa zombica
Flora of Malawi: Disa zombica
Flora of Mozambique: Disa zombica
Flora of Zimbabwe: Disa zombica

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Disa zombica
African Plant Database: Disa zombica
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Disa zombica
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Disa zombica
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Disa zombica
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Disa zombica
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Disa zombica
JSTOR Plant Science: Disa zombica
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Disa zombica
Plants of the World Online: Disa zombica
Tropicos: Disa zombica
Wikipedia: Disa zombica

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Disa zombica.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=117470, retrieved 13 April 2024

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