Satyrium riparium Rchb. f.

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Satyrium riparium

Perennial wet dambo grassland
Chakwenga Headwaters and Nyabutaye Peat Bog
Dec 2019
Photo: Nick Wightman

Satyrium riparium

Perennial wet dambo grassland
Chakwenga Headwaters and Nyabutaye Peat Bog
Dec 2019
Photo: Nick Wightman

Satyrium riparium

Perennial wet dambo grassland
Chakwenga Headwaters and Nyabutaye Peat Bog
Dec 2019
Photo: Nick Wightman

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Common names:
Status: Native
Terrestrial herb 40–80 cm high; tubers ovoid or ellipsoid, up to 4.5 cm long, hairy. Sterile shoot 3–4-leaved; lowermost 1–2 leaves sheathing; upper leaves lanceolate or elliptic, to 10 cm long. Flowering stem with 7–12 sheathing leaves up to 7 cm long. Inflorescence cylindrical, 11–32 cm long, fairly laxly many-flowered. Flowers greenish-yellow, tinged with brown and purple; bracts 1–3 cm long at base of inflorescence, reflexed. Sepals and petals decurved, joined to each other and lip for about half their length. Median sepal oblong, 5–7.5 mm long; lateral sepals obliquely oblanceolate, of similar length. Petals slightly shorter than sepals, finely velvety. Lip fleshy, ellipsoid, 5.5–7 mm long, the apex reflexed, narrow-mouthed. Spurs slender, 18–25 mm long, straggling, ascending in young flowers but more or less pendent in older flowers; often with an extra pair of vestigial spurs.
Type location:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Montane grassland, boggy grassland and dambos.
Altitude range: 1100 - 2100 m
Flowering time:Dec - Jan
Worldwide distribution: Angola, DRC, Tanzania, Malawi, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,W,C,E
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Nw,Mc,Lk
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Wednesday 12 February 2020

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 335.

Fibeck, W. & Dare, M. (1993). Terrestrial Orchids in Zimbabwe. Excelsa 16 Page 70.

Grosvenor, R.K. (1976). A list of orchids indigenous in Rhodesia. Excelsa 6 Page 85.

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1995). Orchidaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 11(1) Page 215.

La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Page 143. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 98.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 124.

Williamson, G. (1977). The Orchids of South Central Africa J.M. Dent & Sons Ltd., London. Pages 96 - 97. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Satyrium riparium:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Satyrium riparium
Flora of Zimbabwe: Satyrium riparium

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Satyrium riparium
African Plant Database: Satyrium riparium
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Satyrium riparium
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Satyrium riparium
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Satyrium riparium
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Satyrium riparium
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Satyrium riparium
JSTOR Plant Science: Satyrium riparium
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Satyrium riparium
Plants of the World Online: Satyrium riparium
Tropicos: Satyrium riparium
Wikipedia: Satyrium riparium

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Satyrium riparium., retrieved 25 June 2024

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