Nervilia bicarinata (Blume) Schltr.

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Nervilia bicarinata

Picture: Bart Wursten
Khodzue River Gorge

Nervilia bicarinata

Picture: Bart Wursten
Khodzue River Gorge

Nervilia bicarinata

Picture: Bart Wursten
Khodzue River Gorge

Nervilia bicarinata

Picture: Bart Wursten
Khodzue River Gorge

Nervilia bicarinata

Picture: Bart Wursten
Khodzue River Gorge

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Nervilia umbrosa (Rchb.f.) Schltr.
Pogonia bicarinata Blume
Pogonia umbrosa (Rchb. f.) Schltr.
Common names:
Status: Native
Erect terrestrial herb 17–75 cm tall, hairless except for lip and subterranean parts. Tuber subspherical or ovoid, 1–4.7 cm wide, 3–7-noded. Leaf solitary, appearing after flowering, held horizontally well above ground, very large, up to 22.5 cm long and 26.5 cm wide, orbicular, deeply cordate at base, hairless, 10–30-veined, heavily pleated; petiole 5–26 cm long. Inflorescence laxly up to 12-flowered, with 2–5 sheathing cataphylls. Flowers evenly spaced, 2–4 cm apart. Sepals and petals subequal, lanceolate, greenish; lateral sepals slightly oblique, 17–31 mm; petals slightly shorter than sepals.Lip ovate, 20–31 mm long, greenish-white with purple or green veins, obscurely 3-lobed, with 2 fleshy pubescent ridges; side lobes short, oblong to shortly triangular, enclosing the column; mid-lobe triangular to ovate, recurved. Capsule c. 13 mm long.
Type location:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In riverine forest, often near waterfalls.
Altitude range: Up to 1100 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Widespread but sporadic in Africa, Comoros, Mascarene Islands, Madagascar, Oman and Yemen.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,C,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): N,Lk
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status: Lower Risk - near threatened
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Sunday 12 November 2017

Fibeck, W. & Dare, M. (1993). Terrestrial Orchids in Zimbabwe. Excelsa 16 Page 69.

Grosvenor, R.K. (1976). A list of orchids indigenous in Rhodesia. Excelsa 6 Page 84. As Nervilia umbrosa

Johnson, S., Bytebier, B, & Stärker H. (2015). Orchids of South Africa, a Field Guide Struik Nature, Cape Town South Africa Page 402. (Includes a picture).

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1995). Orchidaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 11(1) Pages 259 - 260. (Includes a picture).

La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Page 168. (Includes a picture).

Linder, H.P. & Kurzweil, H. (1999). Orchids of Southern Africa A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, the Netherlands ISBN 90-5410-445-7 Page 356.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 97.

McMurtry, D., Grobler, L., Grobler, J. & Burns, S. (2008). Field Guide to the ORCHIDS of Northern South Africa and Swaziland Umdaus Press, PO Box 11059 Hatfield 0028 South Africa Pages 296 - 297. (Includes a picture).

Petterson, B. (1990). Nordic Journal of Botany 9 Pages 487 - 489.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 123.

Stewart, J. & Campbell, B. (1996). Orchids of Kenya Timber Press Inc, Portland Oregon, USA ISBN0-88192-357-5 Page 147.

Williamson, G. (1977). The Orchids of South Central Africa J.M. Dent & Sons Ltd., London. Pages 144 - 145. As Nervilia umbrosa (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Nervilia bicarinata:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Nervilia bicarinata
Flora of Mozambique: Nervilia bicarinata
Flora of Zimbabwe: Nervilia bicarinata

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Nervilia bicarinata
African Plant Database: Nervilia bicarinata
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Nervilia bicarinata
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Nervilia bicarinata
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Nervilia bicarinata
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Nervilia bicarinata
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Nervilia bicarinata
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Nervilia bicarinata
iNaturalist: Nervilia bicarinata
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Nervilia bicarinata
JSTOR Plant Science: Nervilia bicarinata
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Nervilia bicarinata
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Nervilia bicarinata
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Nervilia bicarinata
Plants of the World Online: Nervilia bicarinata
Tropicos: Nervilia bicarinata
Wikipedia: Nervilia bicarinata

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-21

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2021). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Nervilia bicarinata., retrieved 27 November 2021

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