Eulophia schweinfurthii Kraenzl.

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Eulophia schweinfurthii

Picture: Warren McCleland
10 km south-west of Save Bridge

Eulophia schweinfurthii

Picture: Warren McCleland
10 km south-west of Save Bridge

Eulophia schweinfurthii

Picture: Warren McCleland
10 km south-west of Save Bridge

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Synonyms: Eulophia chrysops Summerh.
Eulophia compta Summerh.
Eulophia involuta Summerh.
Eulophia orthoplectra (Rchb. f.) Summerh. var. schweinfurthii (Kraenzl.) Geerinck
Lissochilus aurantiacus Rchb.f.
Lissochilus descampsii De Wild.
Lissochilus elegantulus Schltr.
Lissochilus holubii Rolfe
Lissochilus johnstonii Rolfe
Lissochilus pentheri Schltr.
Lissochilus smithii Rolfe
Lissochilus vermiculatus De Wild.
Common names:
Status: Native
Terrestrial herb. Leaves 4–7, forming a fan, linear, 17–38 cm long, folded along the length when young, fleshy, absent or not fully developed at flowering time. Inflorescence up to 1 m tall, up to c. 16-flowered; bracts linear-lanceolate, 4–15 mm long. Flowers rather fleshy, sepals purple-red, petals yellow, heavily veined with red inside, lip yellow, with side lobes purplish and mid-lobe edged with purple. Sepals oblong, 6.7–10.6 mm long. Petals suborbicular or broadly ovate, 8.5–13 mm long. Lip 3-lobed; side lobes erect, rounded; mid-lobe very convex, 7–9 mm long with a callus of 3–5 warty ridges; spur 5.5–8 mm long, conical, upcurved.
Type location:
Derivation of specific name: schweinfurthii: after Dr Georg August Schweinfurth (1836-1925), German botanical collector and taxonomist.
Habitat: In open woodland and on pan margins in mopane woodland, usually in lower altitude hot river valleys.
Altitude range: 300 - 1950 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Angola, DRC, Sudan, Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Botswana and Limpopo, Mpumalanga, South Africa..
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): B,N,W,C
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Cb,Lp,N,Lk,W
Growth form(s): Terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Thursday 15 August 2019

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 325.

Fibeck, W. & Dare, M. (1993). Terrestrial Orchids in Zimbabwe. Excelsa 16 Page 61.

Grosvenor, R.K. (1976). A list of orchids indigenous in Rhodesia. Excelsa 6 Page 82.

Johnson, S., Bytebier, B, & Stärker H. (2015). Orchids of South Africa, a Field Guide Struik Nature, Cape Town South Africa Page 323. (Includes a picture).

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1998). Orchidaceae (Part 2) Flora Zambesiaca 11(2) Pages 477 - 478.

La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Page 340.

Linder, H.P. & Kurzweil, H. (1999). Orchids of Southern Africa A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, the Netherlands ISBN 90-5410-445-7 Page 375. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 96.

McMurtry, D., Grobler, L., Grobler, J. & Burns, S. (2008). Field Guide to the ORCHIDS of Northern South Africa and Swaziland Umdaus Press, PO Box 11059 Hatfield 0028 South Africa Pages 346 - 347. (Includes a picture).

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 120.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 127.

Stewart, J. & Campbell, B. (1996). Orchids of Kenya Timber Press Inc, Portland Oregon, USA ISBN0-88192-357-5 Page 124.

Summerhayes, V.S. (1958). African orchids XXV Kew Bulletin 13(1) Pages 77 - 78. also as Eulophia chrysops

Williamson, G. (1977). The Orchids of South Central Africa J.M. Dent & Sons Ltd., London. Pages 175 - 177. also as Eulophia chrysops (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Eulophia schweinfurthii:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Eulophia schweinfurthii
Flora of Malawi: Eulophia schweinfurthii
Flora of Mozambique: Eulophia schweinfurthii
Flora of Zimbabwe: Eulophia schweinfurthii

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Eulophia schweinfurthii
African Plant Database: Eulophia schweinfurthii
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Eulophia schweinfurthii
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Eulophia schweinfurthii
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Eulophia schweinfurthii
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Eulophia schweinfurthii
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Eulophia schweinfurthii
JSTOR Plant Science: Eulophia schweinfurthii
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Eulophia schweinfurthii
Plants of the World Online: Eulophia schweinfurthii
Tropicos: Eulophia schweinfurthii
Wikipedia: Eulophia schweinfurthii

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Eulophia schweinfurthii., retrieved 16 June 2024

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