Ficus bussei Mildbr. & Burret

Selected images: Click on each image to see a larger version and details of the record View all images (18)

Ficus bussei

Lower Zambezi NP; Jul 1998.
Photo: Mike Bingham

Ficus bussei

Lusaka SE, grown from seed collected in Malawi, Shire Valley; Oct 1995.
Photo: Mike Bingham

Ficus bussei

Lusaka SE, grown from seed collected in Malawi, Shire Valley; Apr 2010.
Photo: Mike Bingham

Ficus bussei

Lusaka SE, grown from seed collected in Malawi, Shire Valley; Apr 2010.
Photo: Mike Bingham

Specimen citations: Display citations Detailed records: Display species records QDS maps by: Google Maps Point records by Google Maps

Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Ficus changuensis Mildbr. & Burret
Ficus fasciculata Warb.
Ficus zambesiaca Hutch.
Common names: Citowe (Nyanja)
Frequency: Occasional
Status: Native
A tree, beginning as an epiphyte, reaching a massive size with a widely spreading crown. Adventitious roots from lateral branches thicken to become pillars supporting the branches. Leafy branches up to 12 mm. thick, varying from densely hairy to glabrous. Leaves spirally arranged, leathery, subovate to oblong, up to 24 × 9.5 cm, apex subacute to obtuse, base cordate. Figs borne singly or paired in the leaf axils, or on bare branches.
Type location:
Notes: Elephants break the adventitious roots, which are necessary for the support of the main branches.
Derivation of specific name: bussei: named after W. Busse, German agricultural officer and collector in Tanganyika (now Tanzania).
Habitat: Alluvial terraces of the Luangwa and Zambezi River Valleys.
Altitude range: Up to 600 m
Flowering time:Sep - Feb
Worldwide distribution: Along the East African coast from Somalia to Mozambique, Zimbabwe and Zambia.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,C,E,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): N,E,Lk,S
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status: Lower Risk - least concern
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Friday 5 July 2013

Berg, C.C. (1991). Moraceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(6) Page 58.

Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (2003). Figs of Southern and South-Central Africa Umdaus Press, South Africa Pages 104 - 108. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 84. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave, K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 139.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 89.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 234. As Ficus zambesiaca

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 63.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 80.

White, F. (1962). Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia Oxford Univ. Press. Page 33. as Ficus zambesiaca

Other sources of information about Ficus bussei:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Ficus bussei
Flora of Mozambique: Ficus bussei
Flora of Zimbabwe: Ficus bussei

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Ficus bussei
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Ficus bussei
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Ficus bussei
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Ficus bussei
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Ficus bussei
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Ficus bussei
JSTOR Plant Science: Ficus bussei
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Ficus bussei
Plants of the World Online: Ficus bussei
Tropicos: Ficus bussei
Wikipedia: Ficus bussei

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Ficus bussei., retrieved 13 April 2024

Site software last modified: 10 May 2018 10:51pm
Terms of use