Ficus bussei Mildbr. & Burret

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Ficus bussei

Lower Zambezi NP; Jul 1998.
Photo: Mike Bingham

Ficus bussei

Lusaka SE, grown from seed collected in Malawi, Shire Valley; Oct 1995.
Photo: Mike Bingham

Ficus bussei

Lusaka SE, grown from seed collected in Malawi, Shire Valley; Apr 2010.
Photo: Mike Bingham

Ficus bussei

Lusaka SE, grown from seed collected in Malawi, Shire Valley; Apr 2010.
Photo: Mike Bingham

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Ficus zambesiaca Hutch.
Common names: Citowe (Nyanja)
Frequency: Occasional
Status: Native
Description:
A tree, beginning as an epiphyte, reaching a massive size with a widely spreading crown. Adventitious roots from lateral branches thicken to become pillars supporting the branches. Leafy branches up to 12 mm. thick, varying from densely hairy to glabrous. Leaves spirally arranged, leathery, subovate to oblong, up to 24 × 9.5 cm, apex subacute to obtuse, base cordate. Figs borne singly or paired in the leaf axils, or on bare branches.
Type location:
Tanzania
Notes: Elephants break the adventitious roots, which are necessary for the support of the main branches.
Derivation of specific name: bussei: named after W. Busse, German agricultural officer and collector in Tanganyika (now Tanzania).
Habitat: Alluvial terraces of the Luangwa and Zambezi River Valleys.
Altitude range: Up to 600 m
Flowering time:Sep - Feb
Worldwide distribution: Along the East African coast from Somalia to Mozambique,Zimbabwe and Zambia.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,C,E,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): N,E,Lk,S
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status: Lower Risk - least concern
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Friday 5 July 2013
Literature:

Berg, C.C. (1991). Moraceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(6) Page 58.

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 139.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 234. As Ficus zambesiaca

Other sources of information about Ficus bussei:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Ficus bussei
Flora of Mozambique: Ficus bussei
Flora of Zimbabwe: Ficus bussei

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Ficus bussei
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Ficus bussei
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Ficus bussei
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Ficus bussei
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Ficus bussei
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Ficus bussei
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Ficus bussei
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Ficus bussei
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Ficus bussei
Ispot Southern Africa: Ficus bussei
JSTOR Plant Science: Ficus bussei
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Ficus bussei
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Ficus bussei
The Plant List (version 1.1): Ficus bussei
Tropicos: Ficus bussei


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-18

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2018). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Ficus bussei.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=120230, retrieved 20 July 2018

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