Persicaria madagascariensis (Meisn.) S. Ortiz & Paiva

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Persicaria madagascariensis

Gwembe Camp stream near Chioma
May 2010
Photo: M.P.Kennedy

Persicaria madagascariensis

Gwembe Camp stream near Chioma
May 2010
Photo: M.P.Kennedy

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Synonyms: Persicaria attenuata (R. Br.) Soják subsp. africana K.L. Wilson
Polygonum madagascariense (Meisn.) Meisn.
Polygonum poiretii Meisn. var. madagascariense (Meisn.) Meisn.
Polygonum pulchrum auct. non Blume
Polygonum tomentosum Willd.
Common names:
Status: Native
Erect or straggling perennial herb, growing from a creeping rhizome, rooting at the lower nodes, often clump forming. Leaves linear-lanceolate to oblong-elliptic, midrib prominent beneath. Stipular sheaths yellowish to brown, membranous, 1-4 cm long, setose outside and with an apical fringe of long stiff bristles. Flowers in multiple, pedunculate, lateral or terminal, spike-like racemes, white to pale pink, pinkish red when in bud. Fruit a shiny black nut.
Type location:
Derivation of specific name: madagascariensis: of Madagascar
Habitat: In damp grassy places, often in water around dams, lakes and rivers, or in roadside drainage channels.
Altitude range: Up to 1800 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in Africa, Madagascar and Asia.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): B,N,W,C,E,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Nw,Lp,E,C,Lk,S,W
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Hyalites rahira rahira (Food plant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Tuesday 9 May 2017

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 28. As Persicaria attenuata africana

Linley, K. & Baker, B. (1972). Flowers of the Veld Bundu Series Longman Zimbabwe Page 31. As Polygonum pulchrum

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 68. as Persicaria attenuata subsp. africana

Nogueira, I., Ortiz, S. & Paiva, J.A.R. (2006). Polygonaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(3) Pages 12 - 16. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 93. as Persicaria attenuata africana

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 222. as Persicaria attenuata africana

Other sources of information about Persicaria madagascariensis:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Persicaria madagascariensis
Flora of Caprivi: Persicaria madagascariensis
Flora of Malawi: Persicaria madagascariensis
Flora of Mozambique: Persicaria madagascariensis
Flora of Zimbabwe: Persicaria madagascariensis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Persicaria madagascariensis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Persicaria madagascariensis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Persicaria madagascariensis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Persicaria madagascariensis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Persicaria madagascariensis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Persicaria madagascariensis
JSTOR Plant Science: Persicaria madagascariensis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Persicaria madagascariensis
Plants of the World Online: Persicaria madagascariensis
Tropicos: Persicaria madagascariensis
Wikipedia: Persicaria madagascariensis

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-23

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2023). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Persicaria madagascariensis., retrieved 27 September 2023

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