Crotalaria caudata Welw. ex Baker

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Crotalaria caudata

Open riverside woodland
Kasonde area
Jan 2020
Photo: Nick Wightman

Crotalaria caudata

Open riverside woodland
Kasonde area
Jan 2020
Photo: Nick Wightman

Crotalaria caudata

Open riverside woodland
Kasonde area
Jan 2020
Photo: Nick Wightman

Crotalaria caudata

Open riverside woodland
Kasonde area
Jan 2020
Photo: Nick Wightman

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Crotalaria harmsiana Taub.
Common names:
Status: Native
Erect or decumbent, short-lived, branched perennial, up to 1.5m tall. Leaves closely arranged, sessile, 3-foliate. Leaflets mostly held erect, linear-oblanceolate to oblanceolate, up to 20 mm long, thinly hairy on both surfaces; margins rolled under; stipules absent. Flowers in numerous,2-3-flowered racemes or solitary along the main branches or on short lateral branchlets, sometimes axillary. Calyx 5-8 mm long, densely silky pubescent. Standard bright yellow; often tinged or marked reddish, pubescent towards the apex on the outside. Wings as long as the keel or shorter; keel 7-9 mm long rather narrow with a projecting sharp beak. Pods subsessile, 16-25 mm long, cylindrical, densely spreading hairy.
Type location:
Angola, Cuanza Norte
Derivation of specific name: caudata: abruptly ending in a long tail-like tip
Habitat: In miombo woodland and grassland, often near swamps, rivers and vleis; also in disturbed places and scrub at higher altitudes.
Altitude range: 450 - 1800 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Angola, Cameroon, DRC, Rwanda, Uganda, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,W,C
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Cb,N,Mc,C
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Monday 6 July 2020

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 17.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 66.

Drummond, R.B. (1972). A list of Rhodesian Legumes. Kirkia 8(2) Page 217.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 244.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 46.

Martins, E.S. et al. (2003). Papilionoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(7) Pages 121 - 123. (Includes a picture).

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 58.

Polhill, R.M. (1982). Crotalaria in Africa and Madagascar. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam. Page 139. (Includes a picture).

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 94.

Other sources of information about Crotalaria caudata:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Crotalaria caudata
Flora of Mozambique: Crotalaria caudata
Flora of Zimbabwe: Crotalaria caudata

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Crotalaria caudata
African Plant Database: Crotalaria caudata
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Crotalaria caudata
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Crotalaria caudata
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Crotalaria caudata
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Crotalaria caudata
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Crotalaria caudata
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Crotalaria caudata
iNaturalist: Crotalaria caudata
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Crotalaria caudata
JSTOR Plant Science: Crotalaria caudata
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Crotalaria caudata
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Crotalaria caudata
Plants of the World Online: Crotalaria caudata
Tropicos: Crotalaria caudata
Wikipedia: Crotalaria caudata

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-23

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2023). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Crotalaria caudata., retrieved 1 April 2023

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