Crotalaria pallidicaulis Harms

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Crotalaria pallidicaulis

On quartz gravel; roadside
Lusaka SE, Kanyanja
Feb 1996
Photo: Mike Bingham

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Synonyms: Crotalaria athroophylla I. Verd.
Crotalaria multicolor Merxm.
Common names:
Status: Native
Group F: Leaves all or mostly 3-foliolate, petiolate; stipules narrow or lacking; calyx not deflexed against the pedicel; keel rounded with a beak untwisted or circumflexed through no more than 90o.
Shrub 1‒3(4) m tall, with hairy, sometimes glabrescent branches. Leaves often with short axillary shoots bearing a cluster of smaller leaves, stipules absent. Racemes with usually numerous laxly arranged flowers.
Type location:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Miombo and other woodland types, rocky outcrops and gravelly slopes; around termite mounds
Altitude range: 750 - 1500 m
Flowering time:Mar - Apr
Worldwide distribution: FZ distribution: Zambia, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana. Also: DRC (Katanga) & Tanzania
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): W,C,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Cb,C,Lk,S
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status: Lower Risk - least concern
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Tuesday 26 September 2017

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 293. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave, M. (1989). Guide to the trees and shrubs of the Mukuvisi Woodlands ?publisher. Page 37.

Drummond, R.B. (1972). A list of Rhodesian Legumes. Kirkia 8(2) Page 218.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 244.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 47.

Martins, E.S. et al. (2003). Papilionoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(7) Pages 93 - 94.

Polhill, R.M. (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7) Pages 93 - 94.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 63.

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 23. as Crotalaria arthroophylla

Other sources of information about Crotalaria pallidicaulis:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Crotalaria pallidicaulis
Flora of Mozambique: Crotalaria pallidicaulis
Flora of Zimbabwe: Crotalaria pallidicaulis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Crotalaria pallidicaulis
African Plant Database: Crotalaria pallidicaulis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Crotalaria pallidicaulis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Crotalaria pallidicaulis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Crotalaria pallidicaulis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Crotalaria pallidicaulis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Crotalaria pallidicaulis
JSTOR Plant Science: Crotalaria pallidicaulis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Crotalaria pallidicaulis
Plants of the World Online: Crotalaria pallidicaulis
Tropicos: Crotalaria pallidicaulis
Wikipedia: Crotalaria pallidicaulis

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Crotalaria pallidicaulis., retrieved 19 May 2024

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