Philenoptera bussei (Harms) Schrire

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Philenoptera bussei

Lusaka 1976
Drawing: Patricia Bingham

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Synonyms: Lonchocarpus bussei Harms
Lonchocarpus menyharthii Schinz
Common names:
Status: Native
Slender deciduous tree. Bark grey, flaking in older trees. Leaves imparipinnate with 3-7 pairs of leaflets and a terminal leaflet; leaflets oblong to oblanceolate, 4-9 cm long, dark green above, paler and velvety below, particularly when young; apex tapering. Flowers in pendulous sprays, pale-mauve to purple, appearing before the new leaves. Pods in pendulous clusters, flat, up to 10 cm long, straw-coloured to pale brown, indehiscent.
Type location:
Derivation of specific name: bussei: named after W. Busse, German agricultural officer and collector in Tanganyika (now Tanzania).
Habitat: In a variety of types of woodland and on rocky outcrops.
Altitude range: Up to 1200 m
Flowering time:Sep - Nov
Worldwide distribution: Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe and Mpumalanga, South Africa.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): W,C,E,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Cb,Lk,S
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Tuesday 10 January 2017

Brummitt, R.K., Harder, D.K., Lewis, G.P., Lock, J.M., Polhill, R.M. & Verdcourt, B. (2007). Leguminosae Subfamily Papilionoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(3) Pages 100 - 101.

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 325. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 37. As Lonchocarpus bussei

Drummond, R.B. (1972). A list of Rhodesian Legumes. Kirkia 8(2) Page 223. as Lonchocarpus bussei

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 247. As Lonchocarpus bussei

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 50.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 102.

Other sources of information about Philenoptera bussei:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Philenoptera bussei
Flora of Mozambique: Philenoptera bussei
Flora of Zimbabwe: Philenoptera bussei

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Philenoptera bussei
African Plant Database: Philenoptera bussei
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Philenoptera bussei
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Philenoptera bussei
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Philenoptera bussei
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Philenoptera bussei
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Philenoptera bussei
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Philenoptera bussei
iNaturalist: Philenoptera bussei
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Philenoptera bussei
JSTOR Plant Science: Philenoptera bussei
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Philenoptera bussei
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Philenoptera bussei
Plants of the World Online: Philenoptera bussei
Tropicos: Philenoptera bussei
Wikipedia: Philenoptera bussei

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-23

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2023). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Philenoptera bussei., retrieved 1 February 2023

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