Philenoptera nelsii (Schinz) Schrire

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Philenoptera nelsii

Drawing: Patricia Bingham

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Synonyms: Dalbergia nelsii Schinz
Lonchocarpus nelsii (Schinz) Schinz ex Heering & Grimme
Common names:
Status: Native
Deciduous shrub or tree. Bark yellowish-grey, smooth to slightly roughish. Leaves usually unifoliolate, rarely 3-foliolate, oblong to ovate, up to 12 × 5.5 cm, stiff and leathery, usually nearly hairless above, more or less densely velvety below; margin entire. Inflorescences axillary or terminal sprays, up to 30 cm long, usually appearing before the new leaves. Flowers mauve, lilac or purplish. Pod flattened, linear, 5-9 × 1 cm, finely velvety, straw-coloured, indehiscent.
Type location:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In dry deciduous woodland and scrub, mostly on Kalahari sand.
Altitude range: 800 - 1200 m
Flowering time:Sep - Oct
Worldwide distribution: Angola, Botswana, Namibia, Zambia and Zimbabwe
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): B,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): W
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Thursday 30 October 2014

Brummitt, R.K., Harder, D.K., Lewis, G.P., Lock, J.M., Polhill, R.M. and Verdcourt, B. (2007). Leguminosae Subfamily Papilionoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(3) Pages 94 - 95.

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Pages 242 - 243. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1972). A list of Rhodesian Legumes. Kirkia 8(2) Page 223. as Lonchocarpus nelsii

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 247. As Lonchocarpus nelsii

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 52. (Includes a picture).

Roodt, V. (1998). Trees and Shrubs of the Okavango Delta Shell Field Guide Series: Part I Shell Oil Botswana, Gaberone. Pages 42 - 43. as Lonchocarpus nelsii (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 70.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 213.

Other sources of information about Philenoptera nelsii:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Philenoptera nelsii
Flora of Caprivi: Philenoptera nelsii
Flora of Zimbabwe: Philenoptera nelsii

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Philenoptera nelsii
African Plant Database: Philenoptera nelsii
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Philenoptera nelsii
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Philenoptera nelsii
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Philenoptera nelsii
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Philenoptera nelsii
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Philenoptera nelsii
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Philenoptera nelsii
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Philenoptera nelsii
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Philenoptera nelsii
Ispot Southern Africa: Philenoptera nelsii
JSTOR Plant Science: Philenoptera nelsii
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Philenoptera nelsii
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Philenoptera nelsii
The Plant List (version 1.1): Philenoptera nelsii
Tropicos: Philenoptera nelsii

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-19

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2019). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Philenoptera nelsii., retrieved 19 July 2019

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