Bridelia micrantha (Hochst.) Baill.

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Bridelia micrantha

Picture: Bart Wursten
By main Vumba rd

Bridelia micrantha

Picture: Bart Wursten
By main Vumba rd

Bridelia micrantha

Picture: Bart Wursten
By main Vumba rd

Bridelia micrantha

Picture: Bart Wursten
Great Zimbabwe

Specimen citations: Display citations Detailed records: Display species records QDS maps by: Google Maps Point records by Google Maps

Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Common names:
Frequency: Common in high rainfall areas
Status: Native
Small to medium-sized tree, evergreen or deciduous. Young branchlets often with spines, occasionally blunt thorns are still present on older branches. Leaves elliptic to obovate, glossy dark green, paler below; young leaves often purplish. Flowers unisexual on the same tree, very small, yellow-green, in axillary clusters. Fruit an ellipsoid berry, blackish when ripe, edible and sweet.
Type location:
South Africa
Derivation of specific name: micrantha: small-flowered
Habitat: In riverine forest, woodland and along forest margins.
Altitude range: 300 - 1750 m
Flowering time:Oct - Dec
Worldwide distribution: Throughout tropical Africa to the Eastern Cape, South Africa. Also in Réunion.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): B,N,W,C,E,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Nw,Lp,E,Lk,S,W
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Abantis paradisea (Food plant)
Anaphe reticulata (Larval foodplant)
Charaxes castor flavifasciatus (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 409. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 10.

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. (1989). The flora and phytogeography of the evergreen forests of Malawi. I: Afromontane and mid-altitude forests; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 59(1/2) Page 19.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 251.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 40.

Radcliffe-Smith, A. (1996). Euphorbiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(4) Pages 20 - 21.

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 35.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 85.

Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Dowsett-Lemaire, F., Congdon, C., Branch, B., Collins, S., Curran, M., Dowsett, R,J., Fishpool, L., Francisco, J., Harris, Kopp, M. & de Sousa, C. (2012). Mt Mabu, Mozambique: Biodiversity and Conservation Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, London Page 73.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 97.

Other sources of information about Bridelia micrantha:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Bridelia micrantha
Flora of Mozambique: Bridelia micrantha
Flora of Zimbabwe: Bridelia micrantha

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Bridelia micrantha
African Plant Database: Bridelia micrantha
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Bridelia micrantha
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Bridelia micrantha
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Bridelia micrantha
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Bridelia micrantha
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Bridelia micrantha
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Bridelia micrantha
iNaturalist: Bridelia micrantha
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Bridelia micrantha
JSTOR Plant Science: Bridelia micrantha
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Bridelia micrantha
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Bridelia micrantha
Plants of the World Online: Bridelia micrantha
Tropicos: Bridelia micrantha
Wikipedia: Bridelia micrantha

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-20

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2020). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Bridelia micrantha., retrieved 30 October 2020

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