Haplocoelum foliolosum (Hiern) Bullock
subsp. foliolosum

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Synonyms: Balsamea foliolosa Hiern
Haplocoelum dekindtianum (Engl.) Radlk.
Pistaciopsis dekindtiana Engl.
Common names:
Status: Native
Straggling shrub or small tree. Bark smooth, grey. Leaves spirally arranged or cluster-like on short, almost spine-like spur-branchlets, paripinnate with 6-16 (usually 9-11) pairs of small subsessile leaflets, up to 2 × 1 cm, more or less oblong-elliptic, distinctly asymmetric, often notched at the apex; rhachis velvety, often narrowly winged. Flowers in small axillary clusters often appearing before the leaves, cream-coloured, inconspicuous, unisexual on different trees. Fruit subspherical, c. 15 × 15 mm., mostly hairless when ripe, orange to red, edible. Seed 1, ellipsoid, 1-1.5 cm long, chestnut-brown, enclosed in a fleshy aril.
Type location:
Notes: Zimbabwean records of Haplocoelum foliolosum have been named subsp. foliolosum. The subspecies of the Zambian plants is not known but we have provisionally also placed them under subsp. foliolosum.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In open deciduous woodland, often on termite mounds or rocky kopjes.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Jun - Nov
Worldwide distribution: Angola, DRC (Katanga), Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca):
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Cb,Lp,C,Lk,S
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 535. (Includes a picture).

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. & White, F. (1990). New and noteworthy plants from the evergreen forests of Malawi Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 60(1/2) Page 83.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 256. As Haplocoelum foliolosum

Exell, A.W. (1966). Sapindaceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(2) Pages 530 - 533. As Haplocoelum foliolosum (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 76.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 173.

Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Dowsett-Lemaire, F., Congdon, C., Branch, B., Collins, S., Curran, M., Dowsett, R,J., Fishpool, L., Francisco, J., Harris, Kopp, M. & de Sousa, C. (2012). Mt Mabu, Mozambique: Biodiversity and Conservation Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, London Page 75.

Other sources of information about Haplocoelum foliolosum subsp. foliolosum:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Haplocoelum foliolosum subsp. foliolosum
Flora of Mozambique: Haplocoelum foliolosum subsp. foliolosum
Flora of Zimbabwe: Haplocoelum foliolosum subsp. foliolosum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Haplocoelum foliolosum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Haplocoelum foliolosum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Haplocoelum foliolosum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Haplocoelum foliolosum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Haplocoelum foliolosum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Haplocoelum foliolosum
JSTOR Plant Science: Haplocoelum foliolosum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Haplocoelum foliolosum
Plants of the World Online: Haplocoelum foliolosum
Tropicos: Haplocoelum foliolosum
Wikipedia: Haplocoelum foliolosum

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Haplocoelum foliolosum subsp. foliolosum.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=137440, retrieved 25 June 2024

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