Pavonia columella Cav.

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Pavonia columella

Picture: Bart Wursten
Ndundu Lodge, Vumba

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Synonyms: Pavonia galpiniana Schinz
Pavonia meyeri Mast.
Pavonia mollis E. Mey. ex Harv.
Common names:
Status: Native
Softly woody shrub, mostly 1-2 m tall, rarely taller. Most parts covered in soft, sticky hairs, not irritant. Leaves shallowly 3-7-lobed, rounded, unpleasantly aromatic when crushed. Flowers pale pink in small axillary clusters.
Type location:
Notes: This species is superficially similar to Pavonia urens, which is a much more robust plant covered with sharp, irritant hairs.
Derivation of specific name: columella: with a small column
Habitat: Higher rainfall areas; at the margins of evergreen and riverine forest
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Almost throughout year
Worldwide distribution: Tanzania, Uganda, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Eswatini and South Africa as far as Eastern Cape. Also in Réunion and introduced in Madagascar.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): C
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Lk
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Baumann, G. (2005). Photographic Guide to Wildflowers of Malawi Wildlife and Environmental Society of Malawi Pages 92 - 93. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 204. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 43.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 259.

Exell, A.W. (1961). Malvaceae Flora Zambesiaca 1(2) Pages 509 - 510. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 61.

Siebert, S. & Mössmer, M. (Editors) (2002). SABONET Southern Mozambique Expedition 2001; Provisional Plant Checklist of the Maputo Elephant Reserve (MER) and Licuati Forest Reserve (LFR) SABONET News 7(1) Page 27. As Pavonia meyeri

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 119.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 95.

Other sources of information about Pavonia columella:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Pavonia columella
Flora of Mozambique: Pavonia columella
Flora of Zimbabwe: Pavonia columella

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Pavonia columella
African Plant Database: Pavonia columella
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Pavonia columella
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Pavonia columella
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Pavonia columella
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Pavonia columella
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Pavonia columella
JSTOR Plant Science: Pavonia columella
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Pavonia columella
Plants of the World Online: Pavonia columella
Tropicos: Pavonia columella
Wikipedia: Pavonia columella

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Pavonia columella., retrieved 25 April 2024

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