Spermatophyta: Dicotyledonae: Archichlamydeae: Malvales

Malvaceae subfamily Malvoideae - Hibiscus subfamily

Exell, A.W. (1961) Malvaceae Flora Zambesiaca 1(2)

Description of the family

Herbs, shrubs or trees, usually with stellate hairs. Stipules present. Leaves alternate, often palmately divided. Flowers bisexual (rarely unisexual [in ours?]), actinomorphic. Epicalyx usually present, sometimes 0. Calyx (3-)5-lobed, truncate or occasionally 5- to 10-toothed. Petals 5, free. Stamens numerous, united in a tube surrounding the style. Anthers 1-thecous. Ovary superior, (1-)2-many-locular. Style often branched at apex. Fruit (in ours) either a dehiscent capsule or a schizocarp (composed of a number of mericarps arranged around a central axis).

Comment: According to the most recent taxonomic research by the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (APG-III), Malvaceae sensu lato now includes Bombacaceae, Tiliaceae and Sterculiaceae, three families traditionally considered separate but closely related. In this new concept Malvaceae would consist of the following nine subfamilies:

Byttnerioideae (formerly part of Sterculiaceae, including Hermannia, Melochia and Waltheria)
Grewioideae (formerly part of Tiliaceae including all our regional genera)
Sterculioideae (formerly part of , including Cola and Sterculia)
Tilioideae (formerly part of Tiliaceae Not in our region)
Dombeyoideae (formerly part of Sterculiaceae, including Dombeya and Melhania)
Brownlowioideae (formerly part of Tiliaceae Not in our region)
Helicteroideae (formerly part of Sterculiaceae, including Triplochiton)
Malvoideae (formerly Malvaceae sensu stricto
Bombacoideae (formerly Bombacaceae)

Worldwide: 78 genera and 1,670 species, cosmopolitan but especially in the tropics.

Zambia: 10 genera and 65 taxa.

Hibiscus surattensis

Links to genera:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this family

GenusContent
Abelmoschus Medik.Description
Abutilon Mill.Description
Azanza Alef.Description
Cienfuegosia Cav.Description
Hibiscus L.Description, Image
Kosteletzkya C. PreslDescription, Image
Pavonia Cav.Description, Image
Sida L.Description, Image
Urena L.Description
Wissadula Medik.Description

Other sources of information about Malvaceae subfamily Malvoideae:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Malvaceae subfamily Malvoideae
Flora of Caprivi: Malvaceae subfamily Malvoideae
Flora of Malawi: Malvaceae subfamily Malvoideae
Flora of Mozambique: Malvaceae subfamily Malvoideae
Flora of Mozambique: cultivated Malvaceae subfamily Malvoideae
Flora of Zimbabwe: Malvaceae subfamily Malvoideae
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Malvaceae subfamily Malvoideae

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Malvaceae subfamily Malvoideae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Malvaceae subfamily Malvoideae
Wikipedia: Malvaceae subfamily Malvoideae


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-20

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2020). Flora of Zambia: Family page: Malvaceae subfamily Malvoideae.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/family.php?family_id=131, retrieved 28 September 2020

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