Azanza garckeana (F. Hoffm.) Exell & Hillc.

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Azanza garckeana

Lusaka 1976
Drawing: Patricia Bingham

Azanza garckeana

Lusaka 1976
Drawing: Patricia Bingham

Azanza garckeana

Lusaka 1976
Drawing: Patricia Bingham

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Synonyms: Thespesia garckeana F. Hoffm.
Thespesia rogersii S. Moore
Common names:
Status: Native
Tree to 10 m. Leaves: lamina up to 20 × 20 cm, subcircular in outline, palmately 3-5-lobed, with a linear fissure 5-10 mm long on the mid-vein beneath; stellate-pubescent to nearly glabrous above, stellate-tomentose to -pubescent beneath; base cordate; apex usually blunt or rounded; margin entire. Flowers c. 6 cm in diameter, yellow or purplish with dark purple or dark red centre. Epicalyx teeth 9-10, up to 12 mm, caducous. Calyx c.10 mm. Fruit a capsule, up to 4 × 3 cm, subspherical to broadly ellipsoid or ovoid, glutinous. Seeds c. 10 × 7 mm, hemispheric, with a brownish woolly floss.
Type location:
Notes: Readily recognisable by the distinctive longitudinal fissure on the mid-vein beneath. This may be differently coloured to the rest of the leaf or not and may be of various sizes.
Derivation of specific name: garckeana: named after Christian Garcke (1819-1904), botanist and plant collector
Habitat: In a wide range of habitats: woodland, grassland, riverine vegetation and rocky places.
Altitude range: Up to 1700 m
Flowering time:Dec - May
Worldwide distribution: Eastern and southern tropical Africa
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): B,N,W,C,E,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Nw,N,E,Lk,S,W
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Sphingomorpha chlorea (Food plant)
Olapa fulviceps (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Wednesday 11 January 2017

Baumann, G. (2005). Photographic Guide to Wildflowers of Malawi Wildlife and Environmental Society of Malawi Pages 96 - 97. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 203. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 563. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 5.

Coates Palgrave, K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 705. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave, K. et al. (1956). Trees of Central Africa National Publications Trust, Salisbury. Pages 208 - 211. as Thespesia garckeana (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave, M. (1989). Guide to the trees and shrubs of the Mukuvisi Woodlands ?publisher. Page 15.

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Page 449.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 259.

Drummond, R.B. (1981). Common Trees of the Central Watershed Woodlands of Zimbabwe. Natural Resources Board, Harare. Pages 138 - 139. (Includes a picture).

Exell, A.W. (1961). Malvaceae Flora Zambesiaca 1(2) Pages 432 - 434. (Includes a picture).

Kamumvuri, G. (ed.) (2004). Plants of Zimbabwe Report No. 1 National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Pages 6 - 7. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 60.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 74.

Pickering, H. & Roe, E. (2009). Wild Flowers of the Victoria Falls Area Helen Pickering, London Page 79. (Includes a picture).

Schmidt, E., Lötter, M. & McCleland, W. (2002). Trees and shrubs of Mpumalanga and Kruger National Park Jacana, Johannesburg, South Africa Pages 394 - 395. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 83.

Setshogo, M.P. & Venter, F. (2003). Trees of Botswana: names and distribution SABONET Report No. 18 Southern African Botanical Diversity Network, Pretoria Page 15.

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 48. as Thespesia garckeana (Includes a picture).

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 119.

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (1997). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa. Struik, South Africa Pages 228 - 229. (Includes a picture).

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (2013). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa (Second edition) Struik, South Africa Pages 276 - 277. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Azanza garckeana:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Azanza garckeana
Flora of Caprivi: Azanza garckeana
Flora of Malawi: Azanza garckeana
Flora of Mozambique: Azanza garckeana
Flora of Zimbabwe: Azanza garckeana
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Azanza garckeana

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Azanza garckeana
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Azanza garckeana
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Azanza garckeana
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Azanza garckeana
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Azanza garckeana
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Azanza garckeana
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Azanza garckeana
iNaturalist: Azanza garckeana
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Azanza garckeana
JSTOR Plant Science: Azanza garckeana
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Azanza garckeana
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Azanza garckeana
Plants of the World Online: Azanza garckeana
Tropicos: Azanza garckeana
Wikipedia: Azanza garckeana

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-22

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2022). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Azanza garckeana., retrieved 6 December 2022

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