Monotes engleri Gilg

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Monotes engleri

Picture: Bart Wursten
Burma Valley Circular Drive near Vumba Junction

Monotes engleri

Picture: Bart Wursten
Nr Bridal Veil Falls, Chimanimani

Monotes engleri

Picture: Bart Wursten
Nr Bridal Veil Falls, Chimanimani

Monotes engleri

Picture: Bart Wursten
Mutirikwi CL, Murray MacDougall Drive

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Synonyms: Monotes caloneurus Gilg.
Monotes dawei H.H.Bancr.
Monotes elegans Gilg.
Monotes hypoleucus sensu Eyles
Monotes hypoleucus var. caloneurus (Gilg) Meerts
Monotes schmitzii P.A.Duvign
Monotes tomentellus Hutch.
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Tree up to 12 m tall with tomentellous branchlets becoming glabrous; leaves 6-11 x 3.5-6 cm, elliptic to oblong or obovate-oblong, rounded to slightly emarginated and occasionally mucronate at apex, rounded to slightly cordate at base, upper surface persistently tomentellous, lower surface grey discolorous with relatively short cottony hairs on the nerves and densely covered in minute stellate hairs, midrib prominent beneath with 12-16 pairs of lateral nerves curving towards the apex but not reaching the margin, petiole 1-1.5 cm long; inflorescence up to 6 cm long, axillary, relatively lax to many-flowered, tomentose; pedicels 2-3 mm long; sepals 3 mm long with a dense cottony indumentum; petals 10 mm long, densely reddish tomentose; fruit 1-1.5 cm in diameter, subglobose to rounded or slightly subconical at the apex; wings reddish or brownish, variable in shape, suborbicular to linear.
Type location:
Angola
Notes: The leaves resemble those of Parinari curatellifolia but differ in the presence of the extra-floral nectary at the base of the lamina.
Derivation of specific name: engleri: named after Dr Prof Heinrich Gustav Adolf Engler (1844-1930), German Director of the Royal Botanical Gardens in Berlin, who initiated extensive botanical exploration in Africa.
Habitat: Brachystegia woodland on stony ridges and sparse lakeside woodland
Altitude range: 810 - 1740 m
Flowering time:Nov - Mar (May)
Worldwide distribution: Angola, DRC, Burundi, Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,W
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Nw,Cb,N
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 621. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave, K. et al. (1956). Trees of Central Africa National Publications Trust, Salisbury. Pages 162 - 164. Monotes tomentellus (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave, M. (1989). Guide to the trees and shrubs of the Mukuvisi Woodlands ?publisher. Page 8.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 260.

Duvigneaud, P. (1960-1). Dipterocarpaceae Flora Zambesiaca 1(2) Pages 418 - 420. (Includes a picture).

Jacobsen, W.B.G. (1967). The influence of copper content of the soil on trees and shrubs of Molly South Hill, Mangula Kirkia 6(1) Pages 63 - 84.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 39.

Other sources of information about Monotes engleri:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Monotes engleri
Flora of Mozambique: Monotes engleri
Flora of Zimbabwe: Monotes engleri

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Monotes engleri
African Plant Database: Monotes engleri
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Monotes engleri
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Monotes engleri
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Monotes engleri
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Monotes engleri
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Monotes engleri
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Monotes engleri
iNaturalist: Monotes engleri
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Monotes engleri
JSTOR Plant Science: Monotes engleri
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Monotes engleri
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Monotes engleri
Plants of the World Online: Monotes engleri
Tropicos: Monotes engleri
Wikipedia: Monotes engleri


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-21

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2021). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Monotes engleri.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=140460, retrieved 9 May 2021

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